Science fiction and the sea are surprisingly linked in their history. Early attributes can be noted as early as Defoe's Robinson Crusoe, which experimented with fantastic elements, made realistic by adhering to real world rules and practices1. Jules Verne's 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea likewise used true historical detail “to convey a sense of existence... through three layers of operability: existing technology, those plausible through their analogy with the existing, and the fictive,”2. The experiences of both Heinlein and Herbert in WWII provided them with experience and knowledge to draw on to create realistic predictions in their works, which wer...
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...pen Court Publishing, 2011.
McNeilly, Willis E. "Herbert, Frank (Patrick)" in Gunn, James. The New Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. London, Viking, 1988.
Peck, John. Maritime Fiction: Sailors and the Sea in British and American Novels, 1719-1917. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave, 2001
Puschmann-Nalenz, Barbara. Science Fiction and Postmodern Fiction: A Genre Study. New York: P. Lang, 1992.
Pynchon, Thomas. Slow Learner. London: Vintage, 1995.
Seed, David. American Science Fiction and the Cold War: Literature and Film. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1999.
Seed, David. Anticipations: Essays on Early Science Fiction and Its Precursors. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1995.
Tanner, Tony. Thomas Pynchon. London and New York: Methuen, 1982.
Westfahl, Gary. Cosmic Engineers: A Study of Hard Science Fiction. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1996.
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