People have been arguing about nature versus nurture for centuries. Does genetics or
upraising have more effect on a person? Human development is influenced by various things.
But nature, genetics, contributes more to development than the environment does. While nurture
has some influence, nature has much more. Genes are responsible for altruism, personality is
linked to individual genes, and genetic disorders are effects of nature that can cause drastic
differences in quality of life. Genetics determine more of human development than environment.
Nature is what determines altruism, personality, and genetic disorders. Much work and research
has been done to support this, with various studies on each topic, like altruism.
Studies in the genetics of altruism suggest that altruism comes naturally, as shown by
chimps, infants, and twins. Nurture theories claim that it comes from experience and that it is
taught, but these studies prove that genetics are responsible, as altruism is innate. One finding in
chimpanzees, which have nearly identical genes to humans, shows that they are naturally
altruistic. Chimps are not taught to behave selflessly at all, but they do so anyway. They help
their human caretakers with acts, and stranger chimps get food without anything in return. The
scientific team concluded that chimps’ altruism is impulsive, not taught. Altruism is also present
in human infants. These infants have not been taught any social guidelines. They selflessly help
other humans anyway, like with assisting in tasks like opening doors. This proves the experience
theory wrong, since the infants have no experience of learning how to be selfless. Finally,
scientists working in twin studies also fo...
... middle of paper ...
...mpairments. Nearly all people with Down syndrome have some kind
of serious impairment. Down syndrome is caused by an extra chromosome 21. It also causes
physical problems—such as a deformed face, heart effects, and hearing problems, and
intellectual impairment. While the severity of the deficiency various from person to person, it is
always there (“Genes and Development”).
All these things that contribute to development are determined by genetics. Altruism,
personality, and genetic disorders are all determined by nature. Studies show that altruism is
innate, not learned. Genes have a confirmed correlation to personality. Finally, genetic disorders
caused by nature have direct effects on quality of life. When considering how to predict
development, people should always look at nature and genetics. Because when it comes to nature
versus nurture, nature wins.
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