The Nature Of Scientific And Scientific Science Essay

The Nature Of Scientific And Scientific Science Essay

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Science coming from the latin word scientia, meaning “knowledge”, is a systematic structure that builds and organizes knowledge from testable explanations and predictions about the universe. The nature of scientific progress and the rationality of scientific change lies between Karl Popper and Thomas Kuhn. The two influential philosophers of the 20th century had very different views of science which has caused countless debates because of it. One of them, which I believe is most interesting, was the idea of the scientific method and the idea of there even being one. The tradition understanding of the scientific method, described since the ancient Greeks, was to look at the world with a scientific eye and observe it with no other preconceived notions. They both, however, tried to explain the scientific method in their own unique way and their answers couldn’t be anymore different. While both Popper and Kuhn debated their idea of what a scientific claim should be, I believe Kuhn’s claim to be more beneficial to science because he understood the premises of science more clearly.

Karl Popper agrees with the idea of there being a scientific method. He believes that science begins with problems and that these problems occur when something differs from our expectations and reality of it. When this happens, Popper believes we must come to a solution or conjecture that tries to explain the new criteria. The conjecture will offer a hypothesis that, for example, might try to explain the world in a new way. Popper believes that a good conjecture will make bold moves and take risks by making novel predictions. It is then the scientist 's job to take this new solutions and test and submit them through criticism which Popper describes as refut...


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...lsified according to Popper. However, Kuhn explains that sometimes in experiments, humans mess up because no one can be can have the capability of being perfect all of the time. A scientist may instruct an experiment very carefully but there is typically a margin of error that is impossible to prevent. But how do we distinguish anomalies from counterexamples? The problem is being able to see when the theory has disagreed with the experiment enough or that we just made the wrong calibrations. Popper gives us no answer to this question while Kuhn explains it very thoroughly. I believe this to be the main factor of Kuhn’s claim being superior to Poppers. Kuhn understands the nature of science and the possibility for error and clearly explains that just because a claim doesn’t have the desired result, doesn’t implicate the result to completely override existing tests.


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