Essay about The Nature Of Humanity : Evil

Essay about The Nature Of Humanity : Evil

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The nature of humanity is a heavily debated topic. While many believe that humans are by nature evil, many others believe the opposite, which humans are by nature, good. Are people capable to do good deeds for the sake of being good, or are good deeds disguised under selfish motives. Kant stated the only thing that is unconditionally good, or as he termed it a categorical imperative, and the only categorical imperative, is good will. If good will, is unconditionally good, and is the only categorical imperative, then categorical imperatives are nonexistent, because there is no such thing as having a good will. Every action has an underlying reason for it. No action is done simply as a means for itself. No good willed action is done for it’s own sake, for the sake of obligation or for the sake of being good. It is impossible to act without being influenced by external influences.

If good will is the only categorical imperative, and categorical imperatives are unconditionally good. Actions done out of good will are good unconditionally, due to their intentions, or motives. Good wills do not exist, so categorical imperatives do not exist. Every action and every motive have an underlying selfish purpose. People act with themselves as the top priority. Only committing actions, which often benefit them, or performing them when it is most convenient for them. People have good wills, or act under the guidance of good will for these selfish underlying reasons whether they realize it or not. Whether they are religiously obligated, lawfully obligated, or for their own selfish satisfaction. People help the needy because they want to reach a religious goal, such as gain entrance into heaven, or for whatever underlying motive they might have....


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...arded the need for saving others, such as fireman, police, paramedics, then life would also lose its value, because someone’s life is no longer worthy enough to be saved. Good will cannot be unconditionally good if it violates Kant’s own law of universals.
In life it is impossible to act free of external influences. All our motives and our will to do something whether it be good or bad is influenced by an exterior goal, or motive. In order for a will to be unconditionally good, the true motives behind a good will must be pure, and unselfish, which often is impossible for humans. Categorical imperatives thus do not exist, because there is no such thing as a good will. Even if in a theoretical world good wills were unconditionally good. People are often faced with dilemmas that challenge their wills, which leads to actions that do not abide by the law of universals.

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