Before Spinoza can explain the liberations from these passions he had to explain the strengths of the passions and what one can do to at least litigate the effects of being governed by passions. This lead to the detail discussions of virtue and what it really is and Spinoza’s new concept of what constitutes morality. This was coming out of the seventh century when virtue was defined as in acting in according to duties opposed on one by either a super natural source, for example God or a church. Or from even a modern stand point that if one has free will they must act in accordance’s ...
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... conscious of it. This gives ideas emotional power, which if they did not have there would be no way ones idea of good could possibly liberate one from something that is really evil.
To conclude, theoretically any given power that an individual has, is surpassed by an infinite number of things. Which means humans are always prone to being controlled by external objects, therefore being governed by their passions rather than being governed by reason. These strengths of the emotions shows why it is so difficult to overcome the emotions without recourse to explain failure in terms of ones sinful nature or the abuse of free will, which Spinoza rejects. This does not mean that humans are inevitably defeated by their passions just that they inevitably affected by them. What is important to understand is the ability to form some sort of balance in the mist of suffering.
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