Essay on The Nature, Causes, And Prevention Of Criminal Behavior

Essay on The Nature, Causes, And Prevention Of Criminal Behavior

Length: 1540 words (4.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Criminology is the scientific study of the nature, causes , and prevention of criminal behavior both on the individual and social levels. From study of crime several schools of thoughts were created. From these schools emerged the rational choice theory and the strain theory.The rational choice theory suggests that people choose to commit crime after weighing the pros and cons. While strain theory suggests that people have similar ideas and goal.However not everyone have the opportunities so turn to crime. While both have several difference they have the same central concept. They both implies that we choose to act on their own free will and for their own self-interest.
Gary Becker was a professor of sociology at the University of Chicago. He was an well-respected and powerful figure in sociology. He was awarded a Nobel Memorial Prize as well as a Presidential Medal of Freedom. He is credited as making the rational choice theory as widespread as it is. The Rational Choice Theory implies that humans make decisions based on their rational thinking. Even acts such as committing a crime is rationalized. Believing that committing crime is the only way to gain what they seek people deem the crime is necessary. Once deem necessary criminals compare the the results. They eventually feel like the risks is worth the rewards. These people feel that they can not gain what they want by legal means. They use crime as a shortcut to gain what they want faster. Not only is this theory used to explain why people commit crime. It also explains why people choose not to. While almost everyone have thought of committing not all have actually done it. Once people realize that going to jail from getting caught is a possibility they immediately deter f...

... middle of paper ...

...ople will be less likely to commit crimes.Knowing this should allow us to reduces the rate of crime everywhere. This newfound understanding should also benefit the police and justice system too. They now know where to look in a sense.
During the writing of this essay I learned that we as humans are our own worst enemy. We created the concept of the “American Dream” to encourage hard work , but we don’t allow those who are willing to work chances. Our society is based of money. Not skills or knowledge we have acquired. Those with money are allow privileges that lower class are unable to receive. Those few with these privileges feel superior to other to the point that they created the social class. I have learned that money is the reason for crime and the ‘American Dream”. Without the need to fulfill the self serving dream or your pockets people will live in unison.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Insight Into Criminal Behavior Essay

-   Juvenile exposure to criminal behavior increases the chances that those individuals will also engage in criminal behavior. Research gives us insight to prevent or reduce criminality and rehabilitate violators of the law that engage in criminal behavior. What causes people to commit crimes. Interdisciplinary criminology gives us a better understanding from several fields of study of a better understanding of crime. Influential factors that influence criminal behaviors are psychological, sociological, and biological....   [tags: juvenile, criminal justice]

Strong Essays
1736 words (5 pages)

Human Behavior: Nature vs. Nurture Essay

- Scientists and biologist have argued the Nature versus Nurture debate for decades. This debate is about the degree to which our environment and heredity, affects our behavior and developmental stages. According to this debate, nature can be described as, the behavior of a person is occurring because of their genetic makeup. Since the behavior of a person is due to their genetic makeup, then, it (nature) should also influence a person’s growth and development for the duration of their life. However, the nurture side of the debate says, the cause for an individual’s behavior is because of environmental factors....   [tags: Nature vs. Nurture Essays]

Strong Essays
1744 words (5 pages)

Essay about Nature versus Nurture: Criminal Behavior

- Nature versus nurture has been argued in attempt to understand how criminals behave. The theory of what influences psychopath and serial killers’ violent and destructive pathways has not been agreed on till this day. Criminals such as psychopaths and serial killers have been researched for the past two decades. Scientists have found that genetics is a determining factor of who becomes a serial killer. It is important to understand the determinants involved within a serial killer, because if these social and environmental causes are discovered, they can be altered and controlled to reduce crime (Lykken, 1993)....   [tags: psychopaths and serial killers]

Strong Essays
2165 words (6.2 pages)

Is Criminal Behavior Determined Biologically? Essay

- Is Criminal Behavior Determined Biologically. Nature vs. nurture has been one of the oldest and most debated topics among psychologists over the years. This concept discusses whether a child is born into this world with their developmental work cut out for them or if a child is a “blank slate” and their experiences are what shape them into who they are. Over the years and plenty of research, psychologists have all mostly come to agree that it’s a little bit of both. Children are both born with some genetic predispositions while other aspects of the child’s development are strongly influenced by their surrounding environment....   [tags: Nature versus nurture, Psychology, Crime]

Strong Essays
1188 words (3.4 pages)

Investigating The Reasoning Behind Crime And Criminal Behavior Essay

- There have been many theories that have come about to try and explain the reasoning behind crime and criminal behavior. Some such as Lombroso’s on criminal body types theory lose credibility once the scientific method is applied to them, but there are those such as the Strain and the Labeling theory which stands the test of time as people continue to ask the age old question, what causes criminal behavior. Though the two theories have similar meanings, they also differ in their approach in figuring out what makes a person turn to a life of crime....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Sociology, Criminal justice]

Strong Essays
1619 words (4.6 pages)

Essay about Criminal Behavior Among Young People And Adults

- In more recent years, criminological theories have appeared in several variations from biological, psychological, and sociological perspectives. For the most part, criminologists have devised explanations to describe the nature of crimes, what causes an individual to adopt criminal behavior, and the reasons why some people in poor neighborhoods do not subscribe to criminal behaviors. Also, there are other factors which come into play to explain why criminal behavior occurs at an all-time high. Some of the factors that relate to crime are social groups, lack of educational opportunities, and of financial resources....   [tags: Crime, Criminology]

Strong Essays
1202 words (3.4 pages)

The Debate Between Criminal Nature and Criminal Nurture: William Sheldon Theory

- In mid-19th century there was a debate between criminal nature and criminal nurture. One of the groups, Biologists believes that the genetic mutation that cause human to committing crimes which cannot be influences by the causes of the environment. Other group, sociology-biologist believes that human behavior is causes by the influences of the environment. This essay is to look into the reasoning of each group and studying different types of criminal. The following will list out the reason of why criminal are nature....   [tags: human behavior, crimes]

Strong Essays
918 words (2.6 pages)

Criminal Behavior Essay

- Many scholars have attempted to explain criminal behaviour by identifying a genetic trait or other biological causes or indicator for criminality (Cullen and Agnew, 2011). Ellis and Walsh (2011) argue that while there is not a single “criminal behaviour” genetic trait, there are genetic trait that are associated with crime. They further suggest that these traits might provide evolutionary advantages to their holders in some circumstances. For example, traits such as deception and cheating would likely be evolutionary advantageous to maximizing a male's reproductive capabilities....   [tags: Biology, Ellis and Walsh]

Strong Essays
641 words (1.8 pages)

Genetic Factors and Criminal Behavior Essay

- In this article the two authors research the connection between genetic factors and criminal behavior. They look at the causes that make someone act in a criminal way. There are several factors looked at in connection to the cause such as social factors and environmental variables. The social factors being the more examined of the two. They hypothesized that other factors in performance or alone with environmental variables would lead to better understanding of why some people become criminal. The genetic factor of influence due to mental disorders was posed to have a slight role in affecting people to show criminal behavior....   [tags: essays research papers]

Strong Essays
701 words (2 pages)

Behaviorism - A Methodological Proposal of Explaining the Behavior Essay

- Behaviorism must be seen as a methodological proposal of explaining the behavior of organisms from the lowest to the highest. Explaining human and nonhuman behavior by reference to scientific laws and the theories expressed of physical states, events, and entities. Because modern psychology emerged roughly in the mid-19th century, information of behaviorism was gathered in its early stages by introspection (looking at your own inner states of being; your own desires, feelings, and intentions) then linking them to the outside observable state....   [tags: Behaviorism Behavior]

Strong Essays
3387 words (9.7 pages)