Child abuse and neglect has been a prevalent problem throughout history and although progress has been made, it continues to till today. Children are subjected to the treatment of the adults surrounding them and have limited capacity to make their own decisions and protect themselves. Children are often defenseless and end up being taken advantage of and this can lead to abuse and neglect, including sexual, psychological, and physical abuse that cause short-term and long-term effects for the children and their families. The Federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act of 2010, defines child abuse and neglect as, at minimum: “Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation; or an act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm” (Children Welfare Information Gateway, 2011). In 2012, it was estimated that 686,000 children were victims of abuse and neglect in the United States (ACF, 2012, p. 19). In 2008, there were approximately 704,714 unique victims from reporting states and in 2012 there were approximately 678, 810 (ACF, 2012, p. 19).
The impact of child abuse and neglect is endured by the victims and the associated parties but also by society. There are direct and indirect costs that are considered when determining the economic impact of child abuse and neglect. The direct costs relate to the immediate needs of the victims and the indirect costs relate to any long-term or secondary effects child abuse and neglect (Total Estimated Cost of Child Abuse and Neglect in the United States, 2007). A report from 2007 based on the estimated cost of child abuse a...
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...k practice in contemporary society (7th ed., pp. 14-15). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning.
NASW (n.d.). Advocacy & Organizing. National Association of Social Workers. Retrieved March 21, 2014, from http://www.naswdc.org/pressroom/features/issue/advocacy.asp
Petit, M. (2013, February 6). Congress Votes, Unheralded, to Stop the Killing of 2,500 Children. Breaking News and Opinion on The Huffington Post. Retrieved March 16, 2014, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/michael-petit/protect-our-kids-ac_b_2633784.html
Sanford mom who buried child charged with murder. (2014, February 26). Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved March 16, 2014, from http://articles.orlandosentinel.com/2014-02-26/news/os-rachel-fryer-mother-dead-tot-interview-20140226_1_sanford-mom-sanford-police-felony-child-abuse
Total Estimated Cost of Child Abuse and Neglect in the United States. (2007).
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