Nature And Nurture On Childhood Development Essay

Nature And Nurture On Childhood Development Essay

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It is generally accepted that we are born and not made, this indicates that our genetic code influences who we are rather than the environment in which we live. In the nature-nurture debate, nature refers to our genes or genetic code. While nurture is about the environmental experiences we live in, such as, socio-economic conditions, cultural background, religion or other environmental experiences. There has been debates of nature versus nurture as having an impact on childhood development. Over time, surveys have indicated there are little to no differences, as they influence each other on childhood development. Therefore, the stand I take is that nature and nurture influence each other in the area of child development.

The definition of “nature” and “nurture” is slowly becoming misleading and leading people away from what is relevant or important, as there have been very few studies that have determined strongly as solely nature or nurture (Persell & Young, 2000, p. 220). Before the Human Genome Project in 2003 was completed, it was accepted that it was no longer nature versus nurture, but instead it has become nature and nurture. Our DNA and environmental exposure rarely works independently, but rather influences each other. There have been studies that have shown that genetic factors influence with environmental factors such as parenting, stress, or social support. It is reasonable to say that associations between environmental and behavioural measures are combined genetically. It is interesting to know that our genes often requires certain environmental experiences at certain times in order to work (Howard & Walton, 2015, p. 5). Eric Turkhelmer indicates in his own words that the debate is over and “the bottom line is that e...


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Reference List

Howard, S & Walton, R, 2015, Educational Psychology, David Barlow Publishing, Macksville.

Plomin, R & Walker, SO 2006, ‘Nature, Nurture, and Perceptions of the Classroom Environment as They Relate to Teacher-Assessed Academic Achievement: A twin study of nine-year-olds’, Educational Psychology, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 541-561

Plomin, R & Walker, SO 2005, ‘The Nature-Nurture Question: Teachers’ perception of how genes and the environment influence educationally relevant behaviour’, Educational Psychology, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 509-516

Purcell, R & Young, J 2000, ‘On the Evolution of Misunderstandings about Evolutionary Psychology’, Annals of the New York Academy of Science, vol. 907, no. 1, pp. 218-223

Weinberg, RA 2007, ‘Beyond Nature-Nurture’, Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 145-149

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