Essay about The Nature and Limitations of Scientific Enquiry

Essay about The Nature and Limitations of Scientific Enquiry

Length: 2034 words (5.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

The practice of science should always be undertaken with precautions to guard against against one's own prejudices. In scientific inquiry, the search for an absolute, objective truth is not obtainable since the interpretation of empirical data is based on factors more that the data itself: science relies on shaping principles which are as varied as there are scientists. This means that two scientists looking at the same data are likely to come up with different theories based on the philosophical, personal or even societal non-empirical inclinations which determine how they interpret data. It is, therefore, better to view science as progressive discourse that must constantly question the so called ‘authoritative texts and works.’ Rather than idealize science as the ultimate source of knowledge, it is important for scholars to recognize the limitations of scientific inquiry, and seek to acknowledge and address them. Still, science has provided many solutions and benefits to humanity despite the limitations.
To what the extent can scholars rely on science and what happens when science is not able to answer all questions? Given that all questions of life cannot be answered scientifically and that the scientific process is itself laced with the scientists’ human presuppositions, scholars and humans in general must turn to another source of truth and knowledge. This is where a biblical worldview becomes the best way to explain what science has been unable to.
This reading report begins with a discussion of key tenets of science followed by a discussion of some misconceptions about science. It then concludes with a look at science in relation to religion, feminism, post modernism and African cultural worldview. The main thrust of ...


... middle of paper ...


...l The Battle of Beginnings: Why Neither Side is Winning the Creation- Evolution Debate. Downers Grove, Il.: InterVarsity Press, 1996
Reines, F. “Who Needs Science?” Beam Line, Spring 1993, pp 3-5 Energy Department (DOE) SuDoc Number: E 1.113:23/1
Shapin, Steven “History of Science and Its Sociological Reconstructions.” History of Science 20: 1982; pp 157-211
Shapere, D. (1984). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. In Reason and the Search for Knowledge (pp. 37-48). Springer, Netherlands.
Small, H.G. and Griffith, B.C. “The Structure of Scientific Literature, I: Identifying and Graphing Specialties.” Science Studies, 4:17-40, 1974).).
Wertheim, Margaret “Science & Religion: Blurring the Boundaries.” Omni, Oct 1994; pp.36+
Woodword, James and David Goodstein “Conduct, Misconduct and the Structure of Science.” American Scientist Sept/Oct 1996; pp 479-490


Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Educational Reform: Enquiry Based Learning Essay

- Within the current climate of educational reform, where changes to the national curriculum are accused of being focused on acquiring knowledge (Coughlan, 2013), much debate has arisen regarding the importance of practical scientific enquiry as a tool for promoting scholarship (Wellcome Trust, 2013: ASDC, 2013). Through the course of school inspections, carried out in both primary and secondary schools between 2007 and 2010, OfSTED (2011:1) found that the ‘development of the skills of scientific enquiry were key factors in promoting pupils’ engagement, learning and progress.’ Therefore, in accordance with new curriculum guidance (Department for Education, 2013:144), the teaching of science t...   [tags: Scientific Enquiry, Collaborative Inquiry Learning]

Term Papers
2200 words (6.3 pages)

Explore the Uses and Limitations of the Scientific Method Essay

- Use of scientific methods Scientific methods refer to calculated research methodology that identifies a problem, provision of relevant data and a process of formulating the hypothesis based on experiments. The scientific method also involves systematic observation and testing of a specific hypothesis. Scientific methods constitute essential science experiments. The systematic methods are, used to determine naturally occurring phenomenon. This is a useful tool in explaining specific questions while maintain the area of focus....   [tags: empiricism, scientific method, philosophy]

Term Papers
927 words (2.6 pages)

The Scientific Method Of Scientific Theory Essay

- The following essay will discuss falsification, as discussed by Karl Popper, as well has his account of the scientific method. The idea whether any scientific theory can truly be falsified will also be approached by looking at the problems presented by Popper’s theory of falsification, and the impact this has on the scientific method and science as a whole. Popper believes that science does not begin with the collection of empirical data, but starts with the formulation of a hypothesis (Veronesi, 2014, p1)....   [tags: Scientific method, Falsifiability, Theory]

Term Papers
1598 words (4.6 pages)

The Scientific Theory Of Scientific Theories Essay

- Are any scientific theories true. If so why. If not why do we rely on them. A scientific theory is an explanation that is well- substantiated explanation in regards to some aspect of the natural world that is attained through scientific method and is tested numerous times and usually confirmed through vigorous observation and experimentation. The term theory can be seen as a collection of laws which allow you to show some kind of phenomenon. The strength of a scientific theory associated with the diversity of phenomena can explain its elegance and simplicity....   [tags: Scientific method, Theory, Philosophy of science]

Term Papers
1950 words (5.6 pages)

The Scientific Revolution Essay

- In the centuries preceding the Scientific Revolution people attempted to understand natural phenomena through the lenses of doctrine and philosophical speculation. Scientists were content with to rely on a synthesis of Aristotelian framework and dogma in attempt to describe the world. During the Scientific Revolution scientists began to embrace empiricism as a way to better understand the intricacies of nature. Unlike today scientists during the Scientific Revolution didn’t see a dichotomy between science and religion....   [tags: Scientific Research ]

Term Papers
1334 words (3.8 pages)

Blaike Norman's Approaches to Social Enquiry Essay

- There are different ways in which researchers can use in order to establish the theoretical hypothesis they sought to establish. Before setting out on a research, the researcher must choose a research problem, the question to be addressed by the research, the strategy to be employed in the research, establish any assumption or hypothesis evolving around the research problem and the outcome expected. According to Blaike Norman in his book the ‘Approaches to social enquiry’, there are about ten research paradigms that have been classified into classical and contemporary research paradigms....   [tags: Research Paradigms, Social Theories]

Term Papers
803 words (2.3 pages)

Essay on Blaike Norman's Approaches to Social Enquiry

- There are different ways in which researchers can use in order to establish the theoretical hypothesis they sought to establish. Before setting out on a research, the researcher must choose a research problem, the question to be addressed by the research, the strategy to be employed in the research, establish any assumption or hypothesis evolving around the research problem and the outcome expected. According to Blaike Norman in his book the ‘Approaches to social enquiry’, there are about ten research paradigms that have been classified into classical and contemporary research paradigms....   [tags: Research Paradigms]

Term Papers
950 words (2.7 pages)

Essay on The Scientific Method

- The Scientific Method is the standardized procedure that scientists are supposed to follow when conducting experiments, in order to try to construct a reliable, consistent, and non-arbitrary representation of our surroundings. To follow the Scientific Method is to stick very tightly to a order of experimentation. First, the scientist must observe the phenomenon of interest. Next, the scientist must propose a hypothesis, or idea in which the experiments will be based around. Then, through repeated experimentation, the hypothesis can either be proven false or become a theory....   [tags: science scientific method]

Term Papers
1168 words (3.3 pages)

Essay about Humans and Nature during the Scientific Revolution

- Humans and Nature during the Scientific Revolution The Scientific Revolution took place in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. It was not a "revolution" in the classic sense as it did not involve rapid political changes nor large numbers of people, but it was revolutionary in the sense that it completely changed people's way of thinking and their outlook on the world we live in. It was definitely one of the most important events in history as it marked the birth of modern science. With the Scientific Revolution, man became more curious about nature....   [tags: Essays Papers]

Term Papers
1321 words (3.8 pages)

Human Beings and Nature: The Scientific Revolution Essay

- Human Beings and Nature: The Scientific Revolution The Scientific Revolution, perhaps one of the most significant examples of human beingsí relationship with the natural world, changed the way seventeenth and eighteenth century society operated. The power of human knowledge has enabled intellectual, economical, and social advances seen in the modern world. The Scientific Revolution which included the development of scientific attitudes and skepticism of old views on nature and humanity was a slow process that spanned over a two century period....   [tags: Essays Papers]

Term Papers
1682 words (4.8 pages)