Natural Rights Of Man And The Declaration Of Independence Essay

Natural Rights Of Man And The Declaration Of Independence Essay

Length: 1592 words (4.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Natural Rights of Man and the Declaration of Independence
John Locke’s philosophical teachings and especially his book, Second Treatise on Government, has influenced many powerful individuals. He believed that all a born with a blank slate and then develop reason. According to Locke, the state of nature is a state all men are naturally in and it is a state where men are free without being depended on others. It is a state where “men [are] living together according to reason without a common superior on Earth, with authority to judge between them” (Locke Section 19).They can live using their instincts. It is a state where there is equality and no one is above another. Throughout the book, Locke showed how important the state of Nature was and how important that the equality found in the state of Nature be preserved no matter what. This was important for Thomas Jefferson as he wrote the Declaration of Independence using these principles.
In the state of nature, no one is allowed to harm anyone’s life, liberty, and property. Locke also believes that everyone is born with all the same advantages of Nature. It is part of the Law of nature which states that no one has the right to hurt himself or others (Locke Section 5). Every man is considered to have a purpose and are a property of God and therefore have no right to take away their own life. The state of nature is also distinctly different from the state of war, Locke says because the state of war is a state of enmity and destruction where a man who exposes his life to another’s power for it to be taken away from him. It violates the fundamental law of nature that says that man should be preserved as much as possible and that when all else fails, to prefer the safety of the innocen...


... middle of paper ...


...men and why it was necessary for the people to separate from the British government.
The state of nature is what life is considered to before government and law and it is where all the inhabitants are equal. The reason why government was created was to secure the protection of the rights of men. Thus the government works its proper purpose only when it works for the good of the people and that is determined by the people. A proper government is a government led by the people so that no one is above the law. An absolute ruler breaks this rule as he considers himself answerable only to God and the government does not work for the good of the people anymore. In circumstances dire enough where the government does not help the people, the people have a right to revolt and as a result find a new way to preserve the rights of man and its equality and secure those rights.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Declaration Of Independence : A Representation Of Justice, Equality, And Natural Human Rights

- The Declaration of Independence stands as a representation of justice, equality, and natural human rights. With it being written to liberate the American citizens from British control; allowing the citizens to live freely as they wish - as equal humans. However, there are numerous discrepancies and controversies to this document. Especially in the field of gender-equality and women 's rights. Mary Wollstonecraft, writer of A Vindication of the Rights of Women, is a forerunner of this movement. Comparing her work to the Declaration of Independence, it can be seen that Wollstonecraft 's work can be served as a critique against the masculinity put forth in the Declaration of Independence....   [tags: United States Declaration of Independence]

Better Essays
1252 words (3.6 pages)

Declaration Of Independence : Freedom And Independence Essay

- Declaring Independence Mankind cherishes freedom and independence despite the price he has pay to obtain them. When one thinks about the value and meaning of life, it becomes clear that freedom is an essential element in making the most out of the one life each individual is given. Even though people approach life differently, what is life with no will and power over one’s existence. This is the same issue that led to the American Revolution, with patriots (40%) seeking liberty and loyalists (20%) choosing loyalty to the British crown....   [tags: United States Declaration of Independence]

Better Essays
1404 words (4 pages)

Essay on Women 's Rights : The Declaration Of Independence

- Women did not benefit from the Declaration of Independence, despite the assertion that the declaration would further equality throughout the nation. The Declaration of Independence did not discuss women’s rights and what Independence would mean for them. Thomas Jefferson did not disclose any information about women in his writing of the declaration. The declaration granted all white males the right to vote, but women did not receive the same right. How can the Declaration of Independence argue that it brought equality when women were not granted equal rights to men....   [tags: United States Declaration of Independence]

Better Essays
743 words (2.1 pages)

The Theory Of Natural Rights Essay

- Human rights are the fundamental moral rights to which a person is inherently entitled to simply because he or she is a human being. Human rights are designed to be universal and equally claimable by everyone, regardless of your "nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status." (United Nations, 2005). They are considered inalienable, thus, should not be taken away, except in specific circumstances. They are also expressed as inseparable and interdependent, and the removal of one right will effect others....   [tags: Human rights, World War II, United Nations]

Better Essays
840 words (2.4 pages)

Essay on The Declaration Of Independence By Thomas Jefferson

- “We hold these Truths to be self-evident, that all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness.” For 240 years, these words have been engraved into the minds, hearts, souls, and lives of Americans everywhere. These words were written into the Declaration of Independence by Thomas Jefferson in 1776. The Declaration of Independence is a historical document which declared the colonies of America to be free and independent states from Britain....   [tags: United States Declaration of Independence]

Better Essays
1418 words (4.1 pages)

The Declaration Of Independence By John Locke Essay

- The Declaration of the Independence was a formal document which declared the America’s independence from Britain from July 4, 1776 until today (“Declaration of Independence”). The Enlightenment was a period in time, in the eighteenth century, when many Enlightenment thinkers created new ways of understanding which later influenced the American and French Revolution (“Enlightenment”). Celebration of the Declaration of Independence occurs every year on July 4, when Americans come together to honor our independent nation, usually with fireworks, hot dogs and apple pies....   [tags: United States Declaration of Independence]

Better Essays
1035 words (3 pages)

Essay on The Declaration Of Independence By Thomas Paine

- The Revolution American history has been influenced by a diversity of people, as well as thoughts. Yet, documents related to the independence of the country might be considered the most significant ones. The Declaration of Independence written by Thomas Jefferson, as well as Common Sense was written by Thomas Paine, both documents appealing for the same cause, but in different manners. In the same order will be mentioned the Second Treatise of Government Excerpt, by John Locke. Locke 's philosophy is based on the natural rights of individuals, and how these rights should be inquired....   [tags: United States Declaration of Independence]

Better Essays
974 words (2.8 pages)

Essay about The Declaration Of Independence By Thomas Jefferson

- “The Declaration of Independence, written by Thomas Jefferson and adopted by the Second Continental Congress, states the reasons the British colonies of North America sought independence in July of 1776 (“SparkNotes”).” The text document opens with a preamble explaining why the thirteen colonies have overthrown their ruler and chosen to take their place as a separate nation in the world. Governments should never infringe on both the idea that all men are created equal and certain unalienable rights of citizens such as the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness....   [tags: United States Declaration of Independence]

Better Essays
1525 words (4.4 pages)

Declaration Of Independence : Quotes Essay

- Declaration of Independence Quotes 1. The situation is perilous. What is required now is one able man to build and to lead this new continental army. 2. Gentlemen, we move too quickly. We have not yet resolved the question of any continental army, much less who is to lead it. 3. General Warren is fallen at Bunker Hill. Shot through the head. Bayoneted and stripped of his clothes. I knew him, gentlemen. He was my physician. The full measure of British atrocity is too terrible to relate. "400 patriots dead." Not professional soldiers, ordinary citizens of Massachusetts who willingly gave their lives to defend what was rightfully theirs....   [tags: United States Declaration of Independence]

Better Essays
1467 words (4.2 pages)

Essay Response To Jefferson's Declaration Of Independence

- The American Declaration of Independence has affected the foundation of the United States more than any other event or document in American history. The Declaration of Independence was the basis for what the country was established on. The document was a way for the colonists to emancipate themselves from the cruelty of King George. This document had such an impacting effect because it was such a new way of bringing up concerns. It was the first of its kind in the history of America in the aspect of liberation of a group of people....   [tags: Declaration Independence History American]

Better Essays
1755 words (5 pages)