The first natural right that individuals should have is freedom. All the people that live in a society should have freedom, the ability to do what they want to do. However, as Locke also says in the Second Treatise of Government, “But though this be a state of liberty, yet it is not a state of licence” (Locke148), that this liberty does not equal to the permission to abuse other, which means that we have the right to do whatever we want to do as long as it does not hurt other’s property, such as feeling and belongings. This is very important because if everybody starts doing what they want to do, even the things that are illegal and hurting other, then the society will be chaos.
The second natural right that individuals should own is equality, which means that no one should have power over another, and no person has control over another. In an equal society, all the laws should set up by the people, but not the government itself and it should benefits all the people as a whole. This is connected to what King describes as just law. In the article “Letter from Birmingham Jail”, King said that “a just law is a cold that a majority compels a minority to follow and that it is willing to follow itself. This is sameness made legal” (King 141). This shows that a just law does not create differences between people and everybody is agrees with it and is w...
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...t everybody in the society. Since the Affordable Care Act benefits everybody in the society, therefore this is a just law and King will agrees with it.
However, Locke might argue that the government should not put new taxes on people. To Locke, the reason that people would give up their natural freedom to enter into society or to establish a government is because they think that the society will assure the protection of their lives, liberties, and estates, which Locke consider as property. Therefore, Locke might think that it is the government’s mission to provide people in the country health care insurance, and people do not have to pay back for that since they already give up their natural freedom and follow the law.
All in all, Socrates, King and Thoreau will be on pro side of the Affordable Care Act even it requires new taxes and Locke will be on the con side.
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