Natural, Natural And Moral Rights Essay

Natural, Natural And Moral Rights Essay

Length: 978 words (2.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Natural and Human Rights- Module 7
1. Which notions of rights are associated with the view that some rights are not invented by governments? And, what is the relation between natural law and natural rights?
The notions of human, natural and moral rights are associated with the view that some rights are not invented by governments; and the relationship between natural law and natural rights is that natural rights rest on laws or as Aquinas suggested that the natural laws are articulated expressions of natural rights.
2. What is the uniquely modern notion of rights that was articulated by
Grotius? And, For Hobbes, what does a "right of nature" involve?
According to Hugo Grotius, the uniquely modern notion of rights is described as the moral qualities attached to a person; and, for Hobbes, the “right of nature” involves a liberty to protect myself from attack in any possible way.
3. For Locke, what are the four principal rights that we have in the state of nature? In the state of nature, why can I kill a thief even if he doesn 't show any intention to kill me?
For Locke, the four principal rights that we have in the state of nature include life, health, liberty, and possessions. Moreover, in the state of nature, I can kill a thief even if he doesn 't show any intention to kill me because he has violated my right to life, declared war with me and there is no more room to reason with hi. That is, I must defend my rights in any way necessary.

4. What is Locke 's strict notion of slavery, and why does Locke oppose that form of slavery? What is Locke 's notion of drudgery? And, According to Fieser, how might we alter Locke 's theory to condemn drudgery?
Locke 's strict notion of slavery States that one cannot voluntarily give you th...


... middle of paper ...


...Explain the distinction between negative rights and positive rights.
Negative rights are the rights to be left alone including freedom to liberties and from harm; whereas, positive rights are the rights to other peoples help.
15. What is Fieser 's response to those who maintain that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights sets too high a standard? What is the interrelation between human rights and legal rights?
Fieser 's response to those who maintain that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights sets too high a standard is that all standards of morality are invalid since few people have perfect moral conduct. Moreover, the interrelation between human rights and legal rights is that our legal rights are drawn from our more basic intuitions about human rights. Likewise, our intuitions about human rights are drawn from the refined discussions of legal rights.



Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Theory Of Natural Rights Essay

- Human rights are the fundamental moral rights to which a person is inherently entitled to simply because he or she is a human being. Human rights are designed to be universal and equally claimable by everyone, regardless of your "nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status." (United Nations, 2005). They are considered inalienable, thus, should not be taken away, except in specific circumstances. They are also expressed as inseparable and interdependent, and the removal of one right will effect others....   [tags: Human rights, World War II, United Nations]

Better Essays
840 words (2.4 pages)

Essay on Moral Relativism : Moral, Relativism, And Relativism

- Can we assume an action is moral just because it is normal and accepted by the majority of people. According to moral relativism, the answer is yes. Relativism is the belief that says moral principles are valid, but are different by individuals (subjectivism) or by culture (conventionalism). Conventionalists like Ruth Benedict claim that cultures cannot judge one another, since they have different principles (Pojman, 514). On the other hand, Pojman argues that there are some serious issues with relativism....   [tags: Morality, Cultural relativism, Moral relativism]

Better Essays
964 words (2.8 pages)

Aquinas´ Moral Code of Conduct Essay

- Natural law is this idea that from nature we can deduce certain things, how things are, and how they should be. Natural law is a theory of an existence of a law that is set by nature and that it applies to all because it is rooted within our beings. Natural law is a clear-cut approach to morality and it established the common rational rules of society. The law of nature is written within human beings hearts, engaged, and imprinted in our nature from the beginning of existence. It is the order of natural beings that are capable of rational, moral actions, knowledge and truth....   [tags: justice, humans, choices, natural, law]

Better Essays
1336 words (3.8 pages)

Value Pluralism and Absolute Moral Judgments Essay

- Widespread and deep moral disagreements are persistently resistant to rational solutions and thus allow for continuing debate over the validity of moral judgments. This paper will discuss prominent positions regarding whether moral judgments may be true and false in an absolute sense or a relative sense, in light of the diverse and intense disagreement in moral judgment. This paper will defend the pluralistic conclusion that if there are not specific universal values, there is at least a minimum value of humanity without which a society could not survive....   [tags: Normative Moral Relativity, Moral Objectivity]

Better Essays
1552 words (4.4 pages)

Value Pluralism and Absolute Moral Judgments Essay

- Widespread and deep moral disagreements are persistently resistant to rational solutions and thus allow for continuing debate over the validity of moral judgments. This paper will discuss prominent positions regarding whether moral judgments may be true and false in an absolute sense or a relative sense, in light of the diverse and intense disagreement in moral judgment. This paper will defend the pluralistic conclusion that if there are not specific universal values, there is at least a minimum value of humanity without which a society could not survive....   [tags: normative moral relativity, moral objectivity]

Better Essays
1552 words (4.4 pages)

Essay about Moral Principles Of A Cultural Scale

- In terms of whether or not objective moral facts exist, there are substantial arguments in favor of existing moral principles that separate what is right from what is wrong independently from the beliefs of individuals or of cultures. However, whether a given moral principle is as meaningful or pertinent to one person as it is to another person is where the relativity aspect comes in. It could be the case that one moral principle is more highly valued and adhered to in one culture or for one individual than in another due to circumstance, but the bottom line is that there are general rights and wrongs that extend a measurement of morality across the actions of all cultures and individuals....   [tags: Morality, Moral relativism, Relativism]

Better Essays
1337 words (3.8 pages)

Human Rights And The Rights Essay

- While there is no clear definition for ‘human rights’, it is possible to describe them as basic moral and legal rights that all people have, simply in virtue of their humanity. Although human rights are traditionally associated with being civil and political rights, they also include socioeconomic rights. Focusing on a political conception of human rights, it is important to note that not every question of social justice is a human rights issue. Despite UN declarations, many do not consider poverty a violation of human rights....   [tags: Human rights, Rights, Law]

Better Essays
1023 words (2.9 pages)

Natural v. Positive Law Essay

- When an average person is asked ‘what is morally correct?’ most respond with an answer that requires each person to follow the laws of the country in which they are living. This is at least the case in modern American society, where your “moral standing” depends ultimately on whether or not you conform to the laws outlined by the government. Regardless of what one’s individual beliefs are, religious or not, morality is judged on how well you blend into your specific societies definition of what is good, evil and indifferent, while law is just a bunch of rules and regulations to divide up power amongst the people in order to predict the future and keep civil peace....   [tags: Laws, Freedom, Morality, RIghts]

Better Essays
937 words (2.7 pages)

Human Rights And The Rights Discourse Essay

- Various approaches have been taken to respond to questions of human rights’ universality, that they are ‘by definition universal and everyone has exactly the same rights, no exceptions.’ While not a single answer has been agreed upon, this essay will argue that human rights are universal in principle, yet relativist interpretations may affect the perception and adoption of human rights in different contexts. There will be three main sections. The first section addresses the concept of human rights exploring the process of ideas’ formulation and development....   [tags: Human rights]

Better Essays
1089 words (3.1 pages)

The Theory Of Moral Law Essay

- In the third section of Kant, “Transition from a metaphysics of morals to critique of pure practical reason;” Kant states, “thus a free will and a will subject to moral law are one in the same” (Page 49). As freedom and moral judgment are connected than one must know what freedom is. Freedom from the dictionary states: the state of being free or at liberty rather than in confinement or under physical restraint. One person may look free to an outside perspective. Although that person might have a mental problems causing them to not have freedom or makes that person feel as if they are struggling for freedom or ones happiness....   [tags: Morality, Ethics, Immanuel Kant, Moral psychology]

Better Essays
1594 words (4.6 pages)