Natural Gas Essay

Natural Gas Essay

Length: 843 words (2.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Good Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

THE NONRENEWABLE RESOURCE FORMATION
Like oil, natural is a product of decomposed organic matter, usually from ancient marine microorganisms left on the bottom of bodies of waters mixed with mud, silt, and sand on the sea floor, gradually becoming buried over time. Since it is sealed off in an oxygen-free environment and exposed to increasing amounts of heat and pressure, the organic matters undergo a thermal breakdown process that converts it into hydrocarbons. The lightest of these hydrocarbons exit in the gaseous state under normal conditions and are known collectively as natural gas.
Once this natural gas forms, it depends on two very critical characteristics of the surrounding rock: porosity and permeability. POPOSITY is referred to as the amount of empty space there is within the grains of the rock. Highly porous rocks like sandstones, on a good day have porosities of 5% to 25%. this gives them a large amount of space to store fluids like oil, water, and gas. PERMEABILITY is a measure of the degree in which the pore spaces in a rock are interconnected. A rock with high permeability will let more gas and liquids to flow very easily through the rock.
After natural gas forms, it then rises to the top of the surface through the pores spaces in the rock because of its low density compared to the surrounding rock.
MAJOR RESERVES AND HOW THE GAS IS EXTRACTED
The biggest reserve of natural gas is in...Russia!, which has seven times the reserves of the U.S. Our country is endowed with a substantial resource of natural gas and new findings has revised that number in the upward position in the last few years. But, what we Americans do best, we use more gas every year than can be produced so we depend on the Canadian...


... middle of paper ...


...ting unconventional sources of gas have dramatically raised estimates of the U.S.'s available gas resource.
In the short, renewable energy added to the grid just may displace natural gas use, because natural gas power typically has the highest operating costs.
In the long, increased amounts of renewable energies are more likely to encourage the use of natural gas as a complementary source of power. Natural gas plants have the operational flexibility to vary their production rapidly, so this will allow them to be able to provide more reliability to the electric power system as it transitions to greater shares of renewable generation.





Works Cited

Malouf, Agnes and David Wimberly The Health Hazard of Natural Gas
http://www.environmentalhealth.ca/summer01gas.html
How Natural Gas Works
http://www.ucsusa.org/clean_energy/technology_and_impacts/ener...

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Politics of Natural Gas Production Essay

- The Politics of Natural Gas Production In 2010, roughly 25 percent of the nation’s energy came from natural gas, a “fossil fuel” which American consumers and businesses heavily depend on for transport, light, and heat (Squire 6). As the U.S. population increases, so do the country’s energy needs. Political debate over how the U.S. can meet those needs has slowly simmered for several decades, escalating exponentially when the energy supply grows short. Disputes over just how clean natural gas is, as opposed to coal, dominate headlines and presidential campaigns alike....   [tags: Natural Gas, Fossil Fuels, Energy]

Good Essays
1277 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on Is Fracking A Natural Gas?

- Today, the United States relies mainly on foreign relations for our sources of energy like oil and natural gas. More than half of the nation’s energy resources are brought in from other countries such as Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, and Mexico. However, Kevin Hillstrom noted that in the 1940’s energy companies in America began putting more money and time into finding new ways to acquire natural gas. He also noted that almost ten years later, the United States became the global leader in natural gas drilling, producing almost ninety percent of the world’s natural gas....   [tags: Natural gas, Petroleum, United States]

Good Essays
1011 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on Fracking : Natural Gas And Oil Drilling

- In order to supply today’s large demand for energy, industries utilize different resource-gathering methods, including natural gas and oil drilling also known as “fracking.” Scientists and many others define fracking as a way of extracting natural gas, which is mostly methane, from shale rock formations that are often deep underground. It involves pumping water, chemicals and usually sand underground at high pressure to fracture shale and release the gas trapped within to be collected back at the surface....   [tags: Petroleum, Natural gas, Natural gas prices]

Good Essays
1286 words (3.7 pages)

Fracking, The, And Natural Gas Essay

- Imagine going for a picnic in a park with some friends up in Pennsylvania. But upon arrival at the park, a friend realizes that no one brought coal for the park grills. Luckily though, the parks recently installed new natural gas grills in the park. At least as first glance they looked like natural gas grills, but upon further inspection those grills turn out to just be water fountains that can be set on fire. The picnic was saved not because of the park’s generosity to provide natural gas, but due to negligence of natural gas leaking into water reservoirs....   [tags: Natural gas, Fossil fuel, Greenhouse gas]

Good Essays
883 words (2.5 pages)

Energy Source Of Natural Gas Essay

- Emissions Natural Gas has become one of the world’s most abundant resources over the past two decades and in doing so it has become what most believe to be the cleaner and more environmentally friendly replacement to coal and oil as an energy source. Coal has powered the world’s power plants for many decades, but now these plants are being converted to burning natural gas because it has less CO2 emissions. Natural gas power plants emit 50 to 60% less CO2 than modern day coal burning power plants....   [tags: Carbon dioxide, Natural gas, Greenhouse gas, Coal]

Good Essays
1425 words (4.1 pages)

Notes On Natural Gas Research Essay examples

- Jessica Chinikaylo, Kendra Saba, Jennifer Yencha Mr. West, Periods 2&3 Intro to Matter & Energy 5 November 2014 Natural Gas Research Drillers get gas out of the ground in a simple way. They use a horse head pump. What a horse head pump does is it Goes up and down to lift a rod in and out of the Well, Which is bringing the gas out of the ground. They can also get natural gas from pipes. “Sometimes called Christmas Trees”(US Department Of Energy). Often when it flows through the reservoir, it can be improved by creating cracks for the gas to flow easier....   [tags: Natural gas, Fossil fuel, Drilling, Petroleum]

Good Essays
1890 words (5.4 pages)

Essay On Natural Gas

- Natural gas plays a vital role in the the world’s supply of energy. Natural gas currently supplies more than one-half of the energy consumed by residential and commercial customers, and about 41 percent of the energy used by the United States industry. According to the U.S. Department of Energy, 22 percent of energy consumption in America comes from natural gas. Although naturally occurring gas has been known since ancient times, its commercial use is relatively recent. Around 500 B.C., the chinese started using crude bamboo “pipelines” to transport gas that seeped to the surface and to use it to boil seawater to get drinkable water....   [tags: Natural gas, United States, Petroleum, Coal]

Good Essays
1737 words (5 pages)

Importance Of Natural Gas Essay

- Natural gas plays a vital role in the U.S. energy supply and in achieving the nation’s economic and environmental goals. Natural gas was formed deep under the earth about 100 million years ago. Natural gas is methane, a hydrocarbon gas, and it’s composed of one carbon atom and four hydrogen atoms (CH4) Natural gas is colorless and odorless. Natural gas is the cleanest of all fossil fuels. Natural gas is used for heating, generating electricity and for transportation.It is also a raw material used in things like plastics, medicines, fertilizers and dyes....   [tags: Natural gas, Hydrocarbon, Fossil fuel, Petroleum]

Good Essays
851 words (2.4 pages)

Essay on Hydraulic Fracturing : Extracting Natural Gas

- Hydraulic Fracturing Extracting natural gases and oil from the earth is called hydraulic fracturing. “Hydraulic fracturing allows oil or natural gas to move more freely from rock pores to a production well. After a well is drilled into rock containing oil, natural gas, and water, hydraulic fracturing may be undertaken to maximize the production of oil and gas. In hydraulic fracturing, a fluid usually consisting of water and proprietary high-viscosity additives is injected under high pressure. The injection pressure exceeds the rock strength, which opens or enlarges fractures in the rock....   [tags: Natural gas, Petroleum, Shale gas, Oil well]

Good Essays
830 words (2.4 pages)

Natural Gas Prices Are Rising Essay

- Natural Gas Prices Are Rising This paper is going to contain an analysis about articles pertaining to a current event related to the market in which my organization operates. According to the book Macroeconomics, by David Colander, economics is defined as the study of how human beings coordinate their wants and desires, given the decision-making mechanisms, social customs, and political realities of the society. This paper will also include an example of supply and demand related to this topic, and discuss the difference between movement along and shift of the demand curve....   [tags: Economics Natural Gas Energy]

Free Essays
983 words (2.8 pages)