Essay about Nationalism and Liberalism

Essay about Nationalism and Liberalism

Length: 1361 words (3.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Often called “the People’s Spring”, the Revolutions of 1848 marked a time of political and social turmoil widespread across the European continent. It is during this time we see monarchies overthrown, the formation of new countries, and “radical ideologies” such as Nationalism, and Liberalism become the beliefs of the middle-class. The populations of European countries were growing at a rate never seen before. The masses started becoming agitated with the current monarchial system of government ruling across Europe in the nineteenth-century, and wanted change that would bring about individual freedom and equality. It is well known that the Revolutions of 1848 were multi-casual, and that there was not just one factor that can be attributed to all the revolutions during this period. However, certain ideologies of the middle-class, as well actions taken by the monarchs and nobility had been felt across all of Europe. The spread of liberal and nationalist ideas brought changes to the post-Napoleonic settlement established in Europe, and acted as a counter to the Reformation being imposed by the Old Order upon the European citizens.
The events leading to the culmination of the Revolutions of 1848 were set in motion by 1814-15 meeting of the Congress of Vienna. During the Congress, “representatives of the allies who defeated Napoleon – Austria, Russia, Prussia, and Great Britain – came together to re-establish peace in Europe”. The Congress opposed liberal and nationalist ideas which called for the reorganizing of states on ethic or national lines. The Congress of Vienna imposed a treaty on France, and created a new “international mechanism”, the Concert of Europe, where the powers, this time joined by France, would meet annually...

... middle of paper ...

...he European populations were high, each class seeking solutions from their respective leaders, or calling for insurrections to instill new leaders who could solve their problems.
The European revolutions of 1848 have fundamentally shaped the world, and the effects brought on by them are still being felt. The revolutions brought about two world wars, and many countries still quarrel over boundary disputes formed during this time. Never before was there this level of political and social turmoil in Europe, every major country was affected, monarchies were overthrown and new countries had formed. The ideas spread by the European nationalist led to the formation of modern day Germany and Italy. Many of the liberal ideologies which were considered revolutionary and threatening at the time have become common practices in those countries and across much of the world.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Nationalism and Liberalism in Nigeria Essay

- A letter to myself to be oped at 50 years of age. First and foremost I would like to commend you on how proud you have made me by achieving your long awaited goal by becoming the first female president of Nigeria. You have kept your promise not to run off to another country. Also, I will like to commend you for being patient and not opening this letter before your 50th birthday. You have certainly grown up and more mature. Although I know that you already know the contents of this letter, I will still go on as I am sure that this old memory of yours needs some refreshment....   [tags: nation, cultural entities, society]

Free Essays
1098 words (3.1 pages)

The Influence of Conservatism, Liberalism and Nationalism in Europe in the Period 1815-1848

- The Influence of Conservatism, Liberalism and Nationalism in Europe in the Period 1815-1848 *No Works Cited The years between 1815-1830 saw the rise of a number of related and competing ideologies, each holding a powerful influence in their own time. That influence often extended well into the future, continuing to the present day. Largely, these ideologies were reactions to or products of Enlightenment thinking, although they all went in a variety of different directions. Conservatism, Liberalism and Nationalism had great impact on European society and reflected new radical ideas and principles of the different classes (e.g....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
472 words (1.3 pages)

Essay on Napoleon and German and Italian Unification

- Napoleon Bonaparte as the Impetus of German and Italian Unification Unification in the simplest form is the process of creating one from many. Unifying a nation uses this same basic idea in creating one integrated nation from many; many territories, many economies, many governments,many social structures, many peoples, many histories, many memories. It is more than drawing lines on a map or bringing together many entities under a single government, unification is a detailed cultural process in which independent individuals come together to form a people and a loyalty, often sharing a common history, language, religion, or other factors....   [tags: Liberalism, Nationalism, Militarism]

Powerful Essays
3348 words (9.6 pages)

China's Role in the Global Political Economy Essay

- What is the Global Political Economy. According to O’Brien & Williams (2010) this is a term used to describe the interrelationship between national and international, politics and economics. It basically shows the interplay of powerful states, regions, and global institutions which fall under the realm of politics with global trade, global finance, investing and capital movements comprising economics. This ideology does not look at politics and economics in isolation but it draws from other fields such as geography, sociology, women studies and history as these disciplines play an important role in explaining how politics and economics interrelate (O'Brien & Wlilliams, 2010)....   [tags: economic nationalism, liberalism]

Powerful Essays
2651 words (7.6 pages)

The French Revolution and Nationalism Essay

- After the conflicts against Napoleon in 1815, the outlook of nationalism permeated throughout entire Germany by middle-class liberals and was influenced by the French revolution. Soon Bismarck unified the German states under Prussia. Nationalism encouraged the German people to stand against conservatives and when Germany was finally unified as the German Empire it was very much an authoritarian and a combatant state as well. This is a significant notion to remember about this time period in German history because it was Bismarck's most important legacy since for a thousand years a variety of kings and rulers had tried to unite the German states without success until Bismarck made his claim....   [tags: Liberalism, Germany, Napoleon]

Powerful Essays
867 words (2.5 pages)

The Rise Of American Nationalism Essay

- The rise in American nationalism comes as no surprise to many political psychologists. It can be easily predicted by examining the political discourse over the recent years, combined with two psychological theories. Jonathan Haidt’s positive moral psychology combined with Lasana Harris and Susan Fisk’s theory of dehumanization, create a holistic view of how to look at American nationalism, and how to solve the problems brought about by it. Two important aspects of positive moral psychology when examining the rise of American nationalism are the precedence of moral intuitions over moral reasoning, and the foundations for morality that dictate what is important to Americans....   [tags: Brain, Psychology, Morality, Liberalism]

Powerful Essays
1137 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on Liberalism And Its Impact On Society

- Liberalism has held positions in a variety of political ideologies over the centuries. Liberalism can be traced into the 18th Century, where commoners began to push against the political arrangements in Europe. The Brits seemed to embrace liberalism and positioned the government as representatives of the people. Unlike the French who felt that it was an attack on their monarch and rule. According to Gaus, Courtland, & Schmidtz (2015), “The Fundamental Liberal Principle holds that restrictions on liberty must be justified”....   [tags: Conservatism, Liberalism, Fascism, Libertarianism]

Powerful Essays
913 words (2.6 pages)

Liberalism And Fascism : A Different Understandings Of Freedom Essay

- Liberalism and fascism present two very different understandings of freedom. On one hand, liberalism provides freedom whereas fascism provides a lack of liberty. This essay will argue that liberalism and fascism provide two different ideas of freedom and to discuss this through the differences and similarities between the two. In order to argue that point, we need to address the meanings of freedom, the idea of freedom in both ideologies, and then the key similarities and differences between liberty in fascism and liberalism....   [tags: Liberalism, Political philosophy, Fascism]

Powerful Essays
1865 words (5.3 pages)

The Frech Revolution and Nationalism Essay

- Nationalism is a unifying term that looks to create a national community by sharing the history of the nation, its religion, language, and common culture. As the nineteenth century moved away from the Enlightenment and the universalism that came with it, nationalism was inspired by the freethinking Romantics. Although the ideology of nationalism started off along side liberalism, it grew to be accepted by both liberals and conservatives as the nineteenth century moved along. Nationalism became established during the French Revolution in response to social and economic changes....   [tags: Movement in Europe, Culture]

Powerful Essays
811 words (2.3 pages)

Political Liberalism Essay

- Political Liberalism Norman Davies describes liberalism as "being developed along two parallel tracks, the political and the economic. Political liberalism focused on the essential concept of government by consent. In its most thoroughgoing form it embraced republicanism, though most liberals favored a popular, limited, and fair-minded monarch as a factor encouraging stability." (A History of Europe, p.802) At the core of liberalism was the idea of freedom of thought and expression. People were now not only able to think for themselves, but also express those same thoughts....   [tags: Politics Political Science Liberal Essays]

Powerful Essays
1117 words (3.2 pages)