Essay on The National Survey On Drug Use And Health

Essay on The National Survey On Drug Use And Health

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The National Survey on Drug Use and Health discloses that 23.9 million Americans aged 12 and over have used an illegal drug within the last 30 days, representing 9.2% of the total population in that age group (2012, p. 1). Illicit drugs include marijuana/hashish (illegal under Federal law but a state may pass a law to decriminalize cannabis for recreational or medical use within certain parameters), cocaine (including crack), heroin, hallucinogens, inhalants or the overuse of prescription drugs or prescription drugs used without a prescription. Marijuana is the number one drug of abuse in the United States (National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2012, p. 1). Each year more teenagers enter addiction treatment centers with a primary diagnosis of marijuana dependence than for all other illegal drugs combined. Only a small proportion of those using illegal drugs ever enter a hospital or clinic for treatment. Alcohol is also subject to significant abuse. The National Survey on Drug Use and Health reports that more than 52.1 percent of the population or 137 million individuals are current alcohol users aged 12 or older and that 29 percent or 76.7 million individuals abuse alcohol (2012, p. 31). Excessive alcohol use led to approximately 88,000 deaths each year in the United States from 2006 – 2010 (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014), shortening the lives of those who died by an average of 30 years. Excessive drinking is responsible for 1 in 10 deaths among working-age adults aged 20-64 years (Stahre, Roeber, Kanny, Brewer and Zhang, 2014).
The National Institute Drug Abuse shows that the states that the annual economic cost to society for substance abuse alone is estimated to exceed $181 billi...

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...presents only a fraction of the millions who abuse alcohol and drugs on a daily basis indicating that abuse of alcohol and substances goes largely untreated.
During 2011, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration reports that 1.7 million individuals were discharged from treatment facilities that are licensed or certified by the state substance abuse agency to provide substance abuse treatment within the United States (2014, p. 1). Only 19 percent were treated on an inpatient basis and less than 1 percent represented hospital residential treatment. Forty-four percent, less than half, completed treatment and 26 percent dropped out of treatment and treatment was terminated for 7 percent (2014, p. 1). Between 40 percent and 60 percent of those in recovery relapse back into alcohol and/or drug use (National Institute of Drug Abuse, 2014, p. 26).

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