Can one country represent the culture, ethnic, and geographical composition of an entire continent? With about 250 different ethnic groups (Affairs, 2009) and climates that mirror prevalent climates found across the continent, Cameroon represents the continent of Africa. As military members and ambassadors of the United States, we must strive daily to build lasting partnerships with all countries in support of our National Security Strategy (NSS). In Cameroon, our understanding of the background, government, strategic importance, and future direction is essential if we are to succeed in this country.
Understanding the background is important to assessing the impact we can have in Cameroon. We will briefly discuss the geography and the history of their independence.
Cameroon is located in the western part of Africa and shares borders with six countries. According to the Bureau of African Affairs, Cameroon covers 184,000 square miles, about the size of California (Affairs, 2009). Cameroon has only one shoreline bordering the Bight of Biafra with access to the Atlantic Ocean. The Benue River, in northern Cameroon, is the only major river waterway used for shipping and transportation.
In 1884, Cameroon and many of its boarding neighbors became the German colony of Kamerun. This changed in 1919, after World War I, under a League of Nations mandate that split this region between Britain and France. It was not until 1960 and 1961 that the British and French area of Cameroon achieved independence and merged to form the Republic of Cameroon. We have looked at the geography and brief history of Cameroon, now we will look at the government that is in place...
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International, A. (2009). Cameroon - Impunity Underpins
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