Essay on The National Government of England in the Elizabethan Age

Essay on The National Government of England in the Elizabethan Age

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The National government of England in the Elizabethan Age comprised three bodies: the monarchy, the Privy Council, and Parliament. There were also regional and county governments. Although Elizabeth was not above the law, the Queen remained the most powerful person in England. Disobeying Elizabeth was against the law; requests ordered by the Queen had to be obeyed. Elizabeth prevailed over major decisions in religion, the dates Parliament met and what they talked about, warfare, education, foodways, and clothing styles. The two institutions that Elizabeth governed with were her Privy Council and Parliment. Elizabeth's Privy Council consisted of twelve active memembers. These members, however, rarely showed up at a meeting together. William Cecil held the chief position in this group, with Robert Dudley and Sir Francis Walsingham below him. Elizabeth trusted Cecil in the head position of Secretary of State because he was wise, cautious, and a good administrator. Later, Walsingham became Secretary of State. Other important members of Elizabeth’s Privy Council were Christopher Hatton and Francis Bacon. The Council decided policy issues for the English government, but still remained completely dependent on Elizabeth. The main concerns of the Privy Council were religion, military matters, diplomacy, the security of the Queen, economics, and the welfare of the English people. The Council also issued proclamations of the Queen. In the Elizabethan Age, Parliament consisted of two houses: the House of Lords (the Upper House) and the House of Commons (the Lower House). Only bishops and aristocrats could be in the Upper House, and commoners elected the members of Parliament for the Lower House. The members of the L...

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...losophical Society, 9 Mar. 2007 .

Thomas, Heather. “Power and Government.” The Life and Times of Queen Elizabeth I. 9 April 2007. .

---. “Monarch.” The Life and Times of Queen Elizabeth I. 9 Apr. 2007. .

---. “Privy Council.“ The Life and Times of Queen Elizabeth I. 9 Apr. 2007. .

---. “Parliament.” Life and Times of Queen Elizabeth I. 9 Apr. 2007. .

Weir, Alison. The Life of Elizabeth I. New York: Ballantine Books, 1998.

Haigh, Christopher. Elizabeth I. London: Longman, 1988.
Original Letters, Illustrative of English History, edited by Sir Henry Ellis – Series 1, Volume I

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