The National Adult Reading Test Essay

The National Adult Reading Test Essay

Length: 957 words (2.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The National Adult Reading Test (NART) is a psychometric test used to determine premorbid levels of intelligence, usually in the form of IQ, based on the assumption of high correlation between general intelligence and word reading ability. Originally developed for use amongst dementia patients, it has since been expanded and is used to test premorbid intelligence in a variety of neurological disorders, though with conflicting evidence as to its sensitivity and validity. The overall structure of the NART is such that individuals are asked to attempt to pronounce a list of fifty words, which do not follow typical phonemic rules; the individual is then scored on the accuracy of their pronunciation.
The NART has been translated into a variety of languages, with each version being standardized to suit their country of origin, as well encompassing rules of pronunciation and familiarity inherent to their country. Though there are many versions, this paper focuses on the NART, developed for use in the United Kingdom, and the American Adult Reading Test (NAART) developed for use in America. The reliability and validity of the NART will be explored both concerning neurotypical individuals within the general population, as well as exploring the contradictory evidence supporting or opposing the use of the NART in other neurological disorders such as Schizophrenia.

Reliability is a measure of the stability or reproducibility of a psychometric test. As reliability is dependent upon the characteristics of the sample, reliability differs depending on the neurological disorder upon which the NART is being applied. To gain an accurate view of the reliability of the NART, both internal and external measures must be taken into account. Split-half ...

... middle of paper ...

...r neurological damage, this may act as a confounding variable reducing reliability, as is the case for Korsakoff’s Syndrome, and Huntington’s, as well as Schizophrenia despite conflicting evidence. Though the NART presents with significant convergent validity with the WAIS, which is then used to predict premorbid IQ, and good construct validity, as demonstrated by near perfect cumulative fit indexes, when calculating confirmatory factor analysis, care should be taken. The research presented would suggest that while the NART may present as valid and extremely reliable psychometric test, that provides an essential method for determining premorbid IQ, care should be taken, both when deciding the appropriate usage of the NART due to differing sensitivities and correlations, but also in interpretation of results due to overestimation or underestimation of premorbid IQ.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Adult Illiteracy Essay

- "Learning to read is like learning to drive a car. You take lessons and learn the mechanics and the rules of the road. After a few weeks you have learned how to drive, how to stop, how to shift gears, how to park, and how to signal. You have also learned to stop at a red light and understand road signs. When you are ready, you take a road test, and if you pass, you can drive. Phonics-first works the same way. The child learns the mechanics of reading, and when he's through, he can read. Look and say works differently....   [tags: Adult Illiteracy Essays]

Free Essays
6740 words (19.3 pages)

Family Literacy : The National Center For Education Statistics Essay

- Family literacy According to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), a division of the U.S. DEPARTMENT of Education, only 53 percent of the children ages three to five years old, were read to daily by a family member in 1999 (Davies 1). That means that 47 percent of the children ages three to five years old were not being read to daily by a family member. Thereby depriving these children of the beneficial parental support that other kids were receiving. This lack of beneficial parental support that other kids were receiving leads to kids to suffer in their attempt to become literate....   [tags: Literacy, Functional illiteracy, Reading]

Better Essays
1542 words (4.4 pages)

The Education Of The National Curriculum Essay

- The aim of education is to prepare children for the future, instilling in them along the way a love of culture and knowledge and providing them with the skills to secure good employment and a fulfilling career. In order to achieve this aim, the Department for Education provides schools with guidelines in the form of the National Curriculum. However, the curriculum can only be successful if children are capable of accessing it; one of the main skills required to access the curriculum is the ability to read....   [tags: Primary education, School, Percentage point]

Better Essays
820 words (2.3 pages)

Developmental Mathematics And Computer Assisted Instruction Essay

- Developmental Mathematics and Computer-Assisted Instruction Review of the Literature “The general consensus among educators and researchers is that students who have stronger high school records, who come from higher income families, whose parents also went to college, who do not delay college entry after high school, who attend college full time and receive some form of aid, and who do not interrupt their college studies are more likely to graduate” (Bailey, Calcagno, Crosta, & Jenkins, 2007, p....   [tags: Higher education, Education, Adult education]

Better Essays
1584 words (4.5 pages)

Essay on Why The Act Is A National College Admissions Test

- Throughout a teenager’s high school career, they’re taught time and time again on how to get into a good college.What’s a better way than getting a good score on an intelligence test. One of the top things that colleges look for in a high school student is their ACT score. The ACT is a national college admissions test that contains material from the four major subjects: reading, mathematics, English, and science. This test score ranges from 1 to 36, 1 being the lowest and 36 being the highest. Most teenagers cram hard just to get into the average, mid-twenties range....   [tags: Intelligence, Learning, Test, Psychometrics]

Better Essays
1347 words (3.8 pages)

Review of Woodcock Johnson III Diagnostic Reading Battery and Critique the Test

- Review of Woodcock Johnson III Diagnostic Reading Battery and Critique the Test Abstract The report will critique Woodcock Johnson III Diagnostic Reading Battery (WJ III DRB) and compare my report to the Mental Measurement Yearbook (MMY). The assessment will include the evaluation, in relation to Woodcock et al.’s (1989) WJ III DRB, on the description and purpose of such tests along with ease of use, administrating and interrupting results based on converting raw scores to standard scores including analyzing the results....   [tags: Test Critique]

Better Essays
1232 words (3.5 pages)

A Comprehensive Approach For Literacy Instruction Has Two Components, Reading And Written Expressive Language

- A comprehensive approach to literacy instruction has two components, reading and written expressive language. As students learn about reading, they reinforce ideas about written expressive language; furthermore, when students learn about written expressive language, they are reinforcing ideas about reading. Another factor to a comprehensive approach to literacy is reading. Reading is the process that involves the translation of symbols on a printed page into words and understands the word meaning....   [tags: Standardized test, Writing, Reading, Teacher]

Better Essays
1011 words (2.9 pages)

Bench Mark Assessment Test Critique Essay

- For the Test Critique Assignment I choose the Bench Mark Assessment Test for fourth grade. I think it is a great asset to know how my bilingual students are performing against other fourth graders or even to compare them with the national and state scores. The Bench Mark Assessment test is not an option, all students in grades third through eight who take the Illinois Standards Achievement Test (ISAT) must take the Bench Mark assessments test. The Bench Mark Assessment test primary purpose of the Mathematics and Reading Benchmark Assessments test is instructional improvement and not accountability The Bench Mark assessment test was developed to help teachers to measure students’ strengths an...   [tags: Test Critique]

Better Essays
1553 words (4.4 pages)

Essay on Importance Of Reading : The Importance Of Reading

- The Importance of Reading Imagine being in the story of a favorite book, and seeing along with other senses in the world through that of the character; however, what would happen if that world was taken out from right under the character’s feet, and the reader would never know what happens next. Reading have an effect to by learning curve in the process to succeed in life achievements. Reading is involved in most jobs that exist in the world that brings a person to either success or failure in the world....   [tags: Reading, Dyslexia, Reading, Educational psychology]

Better Essays
1579 words (4.5 pages)

The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale IIi Essay

- The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-III (WAIS-III) is intended for use with adults and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-IV (WISC-IV) is designed for children ages 6 – 16. A test is considered reliable if we are able to get the same or similar result repeatedly. Testing is done when one has some concerns about a child 's learning needs and wants to determine the child 's learning potential. Apart from providing IQ scores, the WISC-IV also provides essential information and critical insights into a child 's cognitive functioning....   [tags: Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale]

Better Essays
1542 words (4.4 pages)