There is a distinct difference between a nation, state, and nation-state. Modern Nation-State developed over the 20th century to compensate for the inadequacy portrayed by pluralistic empires and extreme nationalism. It is as a result of states seeking to expand their fixed territory that various wars emerged. Countries in Europe after experiencing the full effect of such wars opted to integrate thus forming the EU which is a transnational entity. In order to enjoy the full benefits of globalization it is expected in future transnational entity will play a major role than individual modern nation-state. Nevertheless, currently modern nation-states, still want to maintain the distinct characteristics of modern nation-states while still being members of transnational entity.
Characteristic of Modern National State
With exception of Antarctica, every other square mile of land surface on this planet is owned by a certain nation-state (Opello & Rosow, 2004). This is the first significant characteristic of a modern nation-state in today’s global order. Modern nation-state is a form of political-military rule with sovereignty power over its defined territory. Within this territory the state is suppose to exercise its jurisdiction free from interference and influence from other states and entities. Apart from outside interference, individuals and/or group within the territory of a modern nation-state are prohibited from using coercion over the population without authority from the state. Only the government of the modern state can legitimately use physical coercion over its population (Opello & Rosow, 2004; Gepin, 2010).
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