In Paul Collier’s book Wars, Guns, and Votes he devotes a chapter in which he discusses the need to build a nation before building a state. His article describes the hardships of becoming a leader and changing government within nations within Africa. The biggest problem they must first overcome is their own ethnic principles. Many leaders struggled with becoming leader and not conducting themselves in the name of their ethnicity. Later in his chapter he describes ways in which the ethnic identity grew into politics to provide growth. The major issue is that he states was that ethnic identity usually trumps nationally identity, (Collier, p.51). Nations are struggling to build nations because their ethnical identity is interrupting their political stability. Constant influences from ethnic identity to make their identity known in politics was trumping that of building nations that are struggling. What might have been good for that politicians background might not have been for the country. This is leading into the nation losing their identity.
A politician is set in place in order to build or manage a nation and relate that the state level. If we fail to recognize the problems within the nation and never build the nation to the status quo than we have failed. The main reason nations are having the trouble of being built within Africa are based off the ethnical politics that is occurring. Collier described that where the board was diverse, management was worse: specifically, the members of the board were not prepared to criticize people from their own ethnic group who were failing to make contributions, (p.59). A group that wants to work together to build a state would have to be ethnically t...
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...’s work on the nation struggle in Africa proves to be a mixture of contractarian and predatory views of state. This is due to the ethnic identity struggles that are occurring with the nations. Each political leader is trying to lead, but encounters the struggle to make their tribe more powerful in order to maintain their rights within their tribes. This prevents a struggle in building a state because they are focused on the national identity first. Power struggle within government entities will provide guidance or hinder growth, but it will depend on the strategy of the political leader. Social contracts can be made, but then the power is dispersed between groups or the political leader can maintain the power and focus on the citizens in their own points. A political leader focus needs build a national identity that is seen as powerful before building a state.
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