Narrative Therapy Narrative Theory

1506 Words7 Pages
Narrative Therapy was developed by David Epston, with collaboration with Michael White, during the 1980s. Narrative therapy was birthed from a social constructionism perspective (Ponterotto & Casas, 2001). In other words, the focus of therapy was no longer on the problem, but rather the solution. Narrative therapy views the individual, system, and the system’s individuals through “constructed narratives” and focuses on redeveloping narratives that do not serve the client or system in a positive manner (Ponterotto & Casas, 2001). Social constructionism interprets reality through a subjective lens (Semmler & Williams, 2000). In other words, social constructionists believes that reality is what the client interprets it to be. Through this lens, it places control with the client and the client can guide ways that their reality is transformed. Narrative therapy is based on the underlying concepts of narrative theory. Narrative theory aims to provide framework for counselors to assess, treating, and create a counseling practice that is culturally sensitive. Narrative theory perspective provides a holistic approach of a client and their environment, as well as recognizing the effect of their culture (Morris, 2006). This theoretic framework greatly relates to the therapy perspective by incorporating and recognizing the client’s culture and social influences to their problems. Narrative therapy has basic overview steps throughout steps, including breaking down the dominant story, mapping out the history of the problem narrative, reforming a new positive story, and identifying individuals to experience change (Pratt et al., 2015). Narrative therapy aims to navigate through an individual’s experience through narratives, or stories, that th... ... middle of paper ... ...ion. To allow the client and therapist to process the information gathered in the session, there needs to be space to reflect and debrief. Narrative therapy has been an intervention of interest since approximately my second semester of this program. In a past course, we discussed narrative theory and the concept of narrative theory grabbed my attention due to its fit within my own professional practice. Learning an intervention that mirrors that theory will improve ways that I communicate with my clients. Throughout my professional and academic career, my instructors and supervisors have advised me to work with interventions that naturally fit my personality, instead of forcing adaptability and risk being perceived as insincere by clients. Additionally, this approach placed focus on further exploring implicit biases of my own that might be projected onto my clients.
Open Document