The Mythology Of The Odyssey Essay

The Mythology Of The Odyssey Essay

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While a majority of the texts in general demonstrate that good things happen to those who listen to the gods and bad things happen to those who do not, there are a few unique cases were certain people were able to address their gods, and receive an answer. These select people hold an exclusive relationship, usually with one god, and even though they do (mostly) whatever their god commands them to do, they still have the ability to hold a dialogue with them. This creates a situation where the God is the listener, and their human is the speaker. This relationship is solely exclusive to a god and the select few people they favor, however, due to the fact that they ignore anyone else who attempts to reason with them. This theme can be seen through the main characters of all four texts, and with their interactions with their gods. In The Odyssey, Odysseus is the clearest example of being able to interact with the gods on a mortal level. Athena, the Goddess of Wisdom, is clearly his patron, as she champions for him all throughout the novel. She fights for him to be able to find his way home, no matter what the odds, because she sees him as a superior human being. She goes out of her way several times to aid him, which can be seen when Odysseus enters Phaeacia. It states how “Pallas Athena, harboring kindness for the hero, (…) came up to greet him there, for all the world like a young girl” Athena appearing in front of Odysseus, unbeknownst to him, demonstrates her dedication to his mission, and personally seeing to it that he makes it to his native land. This is in contrast to the way Athena interacts with Penelope, Odysseus’ wife. Instead of appearing to Penelope in person, similar to the way she usually does with Odysseus, Athena sim...


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...hat they favor, it is more common for them to simply inform or command people in general, and refuse to listen to them.
Based on these four texts, it is clear that the primary role of the gods in each text’s respective culture is to determine what is acceptable and what isn’t. They create a moral code, or doctrine, that humans are expected to follow to the letter, in order to avoid falling out of the favor of the gods and being punished. While there are some people, such as Odysseus, Atrahasis, Abraham, and Job, who are able to address the gods, their divine relationships are solely exclusive to them and no one else. The only way to get a beneficial result out of addressing the gods is to be a “Chosen One”, like these four protagonists. Therefore, a majority of the human race is condemned to obey the doctrine of the gods, out of fear of the consequences that follow.

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The Mythology Of The Odyssey Essay

- While a majority of the texts in general demonstrate that good things happen to those who listen to the gods and bad things happen to those who do not, there are a few unique cases were certain people were able to address their gods, and receive an answer. These select people hold an exclusive relationship, usually with one god, and even though they do (mostly) whatever their god commands them to do, they still have the ability to hold a dialogue with them. This creates a situation where the God is the listener, and their human is the speaker....   [tags: Human, God, Yahweh, Odyssey]

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