In the Genesis creation, one God acts in an orderly way. As stated in the opening lines, “When God began to create heaven and earth, and the earth then was welter and waste and darkness over the deep and God’s breath hovering over the waters, God said, “Let there be light.” And there was light” (Genesis 158). He merely speaks things into being. The universe is celebrated. It is a place conducive to fertility and the flourishing of life. On the other hand, Enuma Elish is a chaotic world where only the strong survive. In fact, it came from chaos as specified in the opening lines of the First Tablet, “When in the height heaven was not named, / And the earth beneath did not yet bear a name, / And the primeval Apsu, who begat them, / And chaos, Ti...
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...nsignificant part of a much larger struggle within the natural world. Human beings must be careful not to offend the deities and disrupt order of the cosmos. Both Mesopotamian and Greek traditions believe the natural world is full of spiritual energies and divine beings.
Lastly, the biblical account differs from other creation myths in its religious nature. Monotheism, the belief that there is only one God, is the foundation of the Hebrew Bible. In contrast, other creation stories are of a polytheistic nature, meaning they worship a collection of gods, known as a pantheon. These gods came in all shapes and sizes, from animistic spirits of natural forces, like animals, trees, and rivers to more human-like characteristics. In whatever form, polytheism was the norm for religion for thousands of years, while monotheism was very rare.
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