The Myers Briggs Type Indicator Essay

The Myers Briggs Type Indicator Essay

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The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator is another model that attempts to inventory personality traits. Isabel Briggs Myers created the MBTI based on psychologist Carl Jung’s work regarding psychological types. Myers developed the model to “help people understand themselves and each other so they could find work that matches their personality.” (Phillips & Gully, 2014) Four scales are explored with the MBTI. The first scale assesses extroversion/introversion; the same idea described in the first dimension of the Big Five. The second scale identifies sensing or intuitive individuals. Sensing individuals are detail and fact oriented when focusing on information, whereas intuitive people interpret and add meaning to information. The third scale classifies individuals as thinkers or feelers. Thinking people value fairness and make decisions based on logic, contrary to feelers who value harmony and human values when making decisions. The fourth scale classifies individuals as judging or perceiving. Judging people are decisive and focus on completing tasks. Perceptive people are adaptable and spontaneous. (Phillips & Gully, 2014)
Personality and Leadership:
“Effective leadership depends on who the leader “is” in terms of his or her traits…., how the leader behaves….”. (Phillips & Gully, 2014) Since the efficiency of leadership is largely determined by who an individual “is”, it is vital that a leader understands his/her personality. If leaders efficiently analyze their personality traits, they can have a better understanding of what traits best coincide with positive leadership skills. A personality analyslis can also be used by leaders to match their personality traits with different leadership styles.
Several personality traits can be lin...


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... that desire a need for respect and relationships with others; this motivational need is depicted in Alderfer’s relatedness need. A transformational leader that intellectually stimulates employees (Phillips & Gully, 2014) would best motivate individuals who have a desire for creativity. Likewise, a leader who used a delegating style of leading would more accurately motivate employees who had a need for autonomy.


Conclusion:
A direct relationship exists between motivation, personality, and leadership. Leaders who analyze and understand their personality can better employ appropriate leadership skills. An understanding of personality traits can also help a leader reveal the motivational factors of himself, as well as help motivate others. Thus, a successful organization will encompass leaders who fully understand their personality and the factors that motivate.

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