The Municipal Waste Management System Essay

The Municipal Waste Management System Essay

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There is a surge in the global waste generation owing to the increasing production and consumption rates.4 However, the massive quantities of waste, produced in Nigeria, are beyond the control of the municipal waste management authorities and exceeds the capacity of the environment.Nigeria has a population of 162 million people.1 and 2 and the average amount of waste generation is 0.49 kg/capita/day.3.Moreover, Nigeria has a yearly urban growth rate of 3.78%. Rapid urbanization, lack of resources to provide services, poor urban planning, and ineffective policies further aggravate the inability of the municipal waste management authority to function .5, 6, 7, 8 and 9 .Such a situation has led to the promotion of open-air dumps, which pose a grave risk to public health, the quality of life of the residents and the environment.6
In Nigeria, state and local government agencies are primarily responsible for the municipal solid waste management and they make up the formal waste management system (FWMS).These consist of government agencies and privately registered companies involved in the collection, transportation, and disposal of waste. Furthermore, the unregistered and unregulated activities of persons involved in the waste collection and its disposal, and trash recycling come under the banner of the informal waste management system(IWMS). The IWMS refers to the collection, sorting, and re-use of waste by individuals, families, groups or small enterprises.7 and 8. The inclusive waste management system refers to coordinating the activities of the IWMS and the FWMS in a mutually profitable relationship; that is, a waste management system that includes the informal waste sector (IWS) for a positive environmental impact and reduction ...


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...ion.4 Hence, there is a need to collaborate with other stakeholders in solid waste management to conserve the environment in the face of imminent industrialization. The integration of IWCs could include the licensing and registration of IWCs; the formation, organization, and training of co-operatives; private partnerships with IWCs or allowing IWCs to operate in areas inaccessible to formal waste management.It will be beneficial for waste pickers to obtain training on resource recovery and their need to utilize protective gear such as gloves and footwear during manual sorting. Thus, effective policies, safe techniques to handle waste, positive public perception, and partnership with stakeholders can minimize the occupational risk associated with unhygienic manual hand sorting, result in an increase in the quality and quantity of recyclables obtained from the sorting.

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