Multiple Sclerosis And The Central Nervous System Essay

Multiple Sclerosis And The Central Nervous System Essay

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Introduction
According to National Multiple Sclerosis Society, Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an unpredictable, often disabling disease of the central nervous system (CNS) that disrupts the flow of information within the brain, and between the brain and body. The central nervous system (CNS) comprises of the brain and the spinal cord. CNS is coated and protected by myelin sheath that is made of fatty tissues (Slomski, 2005). The inflammation and damage of the myelin sheath causing it to form a scar (sclerosis). This results in a number of physical and mental symptoms, including weakness, loss of coordination, and loss of speech and vision. The way the disease affect people is always different; some people experience only a single attack and recover quickly, while others condition degenerate over time (Wexler, 2013). Hence, the diagnosis of MS is mostly done by eliminating the symptoms of other diseases. Multiple sclerosis (MS) affects both men and women, but generally, it is more common in women more than men. The disease is most usually diagnosed between ages 20 and 40, however, it can occur at any age. Someone with a family history of the disease is more likely to suffer from it. Although MS is not scientifically proven to be hereditary. Also, someone that lives in the part of the world that MS is predominant may like experience the disease (CDC, 2015). There is no cure yet for MS. However, success has been made in the disease’s effective management. Physical therapy and medications that suppress the immune system can assist with symptoms and reduce disease progression (Mayo, 2015).
Discussion
Metabolic Effect
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that gradually degrades or destroys the myelin sheath in the CNS by plummet...


... middle of paper ...


...ms of MS lasting at least 24 hours and occurring in a month interval. Similarly, if there is at least a symptom that indicates an injury to one part of the central nervous system.
MS Treatment
There is no cure for MS as at now. Although it could be well managed, there are many medications that could be prescribed for someone suffering from MS to live a better and quality life. If MS is diagnosed early, it could be properly managed so that it slows down the progression to advanced stages. Also, therapy treatments have a good outcome of ameliorating the symptom’s effects.
The most commonly use MS drugs are Mitoxantrone (Novantrone), Copolymer 1, Steroids, Natalizumab (Antegren).
Conclusion
Scientific researches are still being carried out to find a cure to MS. In the main time, early diagnose of the disease and proper medical care could result in living a better life.

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