Before we continue to look at the underlying problems with multiculturalism, the needs for change with its policies, and how its citizens view multiculturalism, we will go over the general understanding of what multiculturalism is and Canada’s situation.
Multiculturalism is a term that we are all familiar with and when brought up, it is common to most people’s knowledge that it includes a diverse group of different cultures. The International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (2013) defines multiculturalism as “the co-existence of diverse cultures, where cultures includes racial, religious, or cultural groups and is manifested in customary behaviours, cultural assumptions and values, pat...
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...ng and Kymlicka 2010:46). In Banting and Kymlicka’s (2010) study, they have found that in the European debate that multiculturalism has promoted negative attitudes towards cultures such as: social isolation, stereotyping, discrimination, illiberal practices, and political radicalism (Banting and Kymlicka 2010; Wong 2008). In addition to listing what problems multiculturalism has perpetuated, the authors found that critics fear that Canada is heading towards the same path (Banting and Kymlicka 2010). However, Canada’s problems are not to Europe’s extent where everything is falling apart, but that does not mean Canada have no problems in a multicultural context. In fact, Canada has issues in regards to religious diversity, relationship between multiculturalism and French-Canadians and Aboriginal people, as well as racism and discrimination (Banting and Kymlicka 2010).
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