MS-13’s roots can be traced to the Salvadorian Civil War of the 1980’s (as cited in Franco, C., 2007). During the 1980’s El Salvador faced many political and military issues between the elected government and anyone that supported social and economic reform. Fearing for their lives, many Salvadorian youth whom had collaborated with the rebel forces against the government, and were familiar with guns and military training, fled north to neighboring countries such as Honduras, Guatemala, Mexico, United States, and some areas in Canada. Here in the United States the majority of the refugees landed in Los Angeles as illegal immigrants finding it difficult to adjust to the social and political environment of the City.
With minimum education, illegal alien status and no work experience, many of these youth turned to gangs and criminal activity in order to survive but quickly found out that the gang hierarchy had already been esta...
... middle of paper ...
...ey can control this out of control epidemic, to keep our streets and borders safe.
Bruneau,C.,(2005, May).The Maras and national security in Central America. Strategic insights (5). Retrieved from http://www.nps.edu/academics/centers/publications/onlinejournal/2005/may/bruneaumay05.html
Campo-Romano, A.,(2005, March). The most dangerous gang in america,Newsweek,145, Retrieved from http://www1.american.edu/councils/americas/Documents/GangViolence/Newsweek%20CA%20Gang%20Article.doc.
Cruz,M.,(2009, May). Global gangs in El Salvador:Maras and the politics of violence, Retrieved from http://graduateinstitute.ch/weddav/site/ccdp/shared/5039/cruz-global-gangs-in-El-Salvador.pdf
Franco, C., (2007, May). The MS-13 and 18th street gangs:Emerging transnational gang threats, Retrieved from http://opencrs.com/document/RL34233/2007-11-02/download/1006/.
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