The Mozart Effect and Infant Intelligence Essay

The Mozart Effect and Infant Intelligence Essay

Length: 1402 words (4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In modern society intelligence is highly competitive and subject to scrutiny; therefore, it is understandable that a child’s intelligence is a primary concern for many parents. The Mozart effect, popularised in the 1990s, resulted in many parents believing that simply exposing their child to music composed by Mozart would improve their intelligence (Campbell, 1997). The claim was founded by research published in the journal Nature, which suggested that spatial reasoning could be temporarily enhanced by listening to one of Mozart’s compositions for ten minutes (Rauscher, Shaw & Ky, 1993). It will be argued that there is not sufficient evidence to support the claim that playing Mozart to babies will increase their intelligence. Firstly, the various study results suggested no long-term enhancement, yet the Mozart effect implies a lasting effect on intellect. Experimental results have also been generalized, despite inconsistencies between the founding results and the Mozart effect. Another major element overlooked by the Mozart effect is that intelligence is complex and composed of many components.
The Mozart effect is falsifiable as the original study conducted by Rauscher et al (1993) proved no long-term improvement on intelligence. In the study participants were exposed the condition of silence, relaxation audio or Mozart’s sonata for two pianos in D major, followed by a spatial reasoning task from the Stanford-Binet intelligence scale (Rauscher et al, 1993). Despite the Mozart group yielding the most significant improvement in IQ scores (eight-nine points) and an increase in spatial reasoning, no permanent effect endured after testing had concluded (Rauscher et al, 1993). These findings render the Mozart effect questionable, as t...

... middle of paper ...

...interactions observes in natural home environments. American Psychological Association, 28(6). doi: 10.1037/0012-1649.28.6.1096
Hui, K. (2007). Mozart effect in preschool children?.
Early Child Development and Care, 176, (3-4), 411-419. doi:10.1080/03004430500147540
Scarr, S., Weinberg, R.A. (1976). Intellectual similarities within families of both adopte and biological children. Intelligence, 1(2), 170-191. Retreived from
Sternberg, G. (2004) Music Lessons Enhance IQ.
Association for Psychological Science, 15(8), 51-514. Retrieved from
Weinberg, R.A. (1989).
Intelligence and IQ: Landmark issues and great debates. American Psychologist, 44(2), 98-104. doi: 10.1037/0003-066X.44.2.98
Vygotsky, LS. (1978). Interaction between learning and development (2nd ed.).
Cambridge, MA: Mind and Society.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Music Affects Cognitive Function Only if it is Experienced Personally Essay

- In the early 1990’s, parents feared missing the window of opportunity to maximize their children’s brain-function. This belief was known as “infant determinism” and was later disproven (Helding 475). However, strings of this belief still linger today. The media explosion of the “Mozart Effect” has left a legacy long after the theory has been disproven. Of course parents want to ensure that their baby will have the best possible brain-function. Intelligence is essential to be successful in the world....   [tags: the Mozart effect]

Powerful Essays
2000 words (5.7 pages)

Does Playing Mozart to Babies Make Them Smarter? Essay

- The Mozart Effect Resource Centre website, music educator Don Campbell made the claim that “classical music has a powerful effect on the intellectual and creative development of children from the very youngest of ages.” (Campbell, n.d.). To critically evaluate this claim a number of sources have been analysed. Through this analysis it was found that the claim cannot be supported by reliable empirical research and that classical music only produces short-term cognitive enhancement. This effect can be achieved by listening to any type of music....   [tags: mozart effect, classical music, child development]

Powerful Essays
1359 words (3.9 pages)

The Mozart Effect Essay example

- It has long been believed that music can evoke specific thoughts and feelings from the listener. But can music –specifically the music of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart- summon hidden intelligences within the human brain. That is the question scientists are trying to answer. In the mid-nineties, scientists, Frances Rauscher, Gordon Shaw and Katherine Ky, claimed that music could boost the listener’s intelligence up to 9 points (Steele 2). To many, this allegation seemed a bit far-fetched and soon other researchers began recreating the Rauscher, Shaw, and Ky experiment in hopes of discrediting their findings....   [tags: Music ]

Powerful Essays
935 words (2.7 pages)

The Mozart Effect Essay

- The Mozart Effect is a study that shows listening to classical music can have positive effects on learning and attitude. This occurrence is called the Mozart Effect, and it has been proven in experiments by many scientists. This research has caused much controversy between believers and nonbelievers, because The Mozart Effect is said to enhance the brain and reasoning; it is also used to reduce stress, depression, or anxiety; it induces relaxation or sleep; and the Mozart Effect activates the body....   [tags: Child Development ]

Powerful Essays
1241 words (3.5 pages)

The Mozart Effect Essay

- The Mozart Effect It was proved in 1993 that students had a better score on their spatial IQ test after listening to Mozart´s Piano Sonata k 448. They scored up to nine points higher than the students taking the test using other methods. Mozart has a greater influence on the brain development compared to other composers such as better results when studying, memorizing easily, and better test scores. The University of California made a research trying different methods in students while taking their IQ test....   [tags: music, IQ]

Powerful Essays
975 words (2.8 pages)

Classical Music: The Mozart Effect Essay

- The Mozart effect is a phenomena whereby listening to ten minutes of Mozart’s music, a person’s spatial IQ is boosted by 8-9 points (on the Stanford-Binet IQ Scale), in comparison to listening to ten minutes of a relaxation tape or silence (Rauscher, Shaw and Ky, 1993). This literature review critically assesses the key works and concepts concerning the Mozart effect, specifically its methodologies, its limits, and finally, alternative theories. While some academics argue that ‘listening to Mozart makes babies smarter’ is a valid claim (___,__;____,__), others denounce it (___,__;___,__)....   [tags: iq, listening, arousal theory, babies]

Powerful Essays
1401 words (4 pages)

Essay about Psychology: The Mozart Effect

- ... A collaboration of sixteen studies has shown that the Mozart effect does not have an overall improvement on cognitive ability, but rather a marginal enhancement of spatial reasoning due to the music induced stimulation of the right cerebral hemisphere. This an area of the brain, associated with cognitive arousal and complex visual transformation processes involved with mental rotation of three-dimensional shapes and similar difficult spatial tasks (Chabris, C. 1999). Thus extrapolating that the Mozart effect does not ‘make babies smarter’, it only marginally improves a participant’s spatial intellect immediately after music stimuli....   [tags: human brain, babies, music]

Powerful Essays
1334 words (3.8 pages)

The Mozart Effect Essay

- The Mozart Effect Ever since human intelligence has been a factor for survival, people have been trying to think of new, innovative ways to increase their mental capabilities. In the past, people have taken pills, prepared home-made concoctions, and have even shaven their heads to clear their minds. Even now, new ideas, such as magnetic mattresses for better blood circulation to the brain, are patented and sold promising mental wellness and stability – and making money for the inventor. When scientists find something that enhances intelligence the general public is interested....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

Powerful Essays
1213 words (3.5 pages)

The mozart effect Essay

- The Mozart Effect Does classical music really help you study better. Many recent research studies show that music idoes in fact improve cognitive thinking. In 1993, researchers at the University of California at Irvine discovered the so-called Mozart Effect - that college students “who listened to ten minutes of Mozart's Sonata for Two Pianos in D major K448 before taking an IQ test scored nine points higher” than when they had sat in silence or listened to relaxation tapes. Other studies have also indicated that it doesn’t matter the artist; people retain information better if they hear classical or baroque music while studying....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Powerful Essays
1000 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on Life of Mozart

- Outline I.     Biographical Info A. Early Childhood B. Teenage Years      C. Main Career      D. Late Career II.          Affects and Influences of Character A.     Influences on Other Composers B.     Personality Issues C.     Relationships D.     Music To Boost Brain Power E.     Study of Rats and Mozart F.     Ending Conclusion III.     Assessment and Evaluation A. Greatness of a Man B.      His Ideals C.      Mozart and Saleiri D. The Legacy Lives On. Chapter I Mozart’s Prodigious Life      Without a doubt, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart born January 27, 1756, in Salzburg, was probably the greatest genius in Western musical history....   [tags: biographies biography Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart]

Powerful Essays
2855 words (8.2 pages)