The Movement Of The Slums Of Jamaica On September, 1930, By Marcus Garvey

The Movement Of The Slums Of Jamaica On September, 1930, By Marcus Garvey

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Rastafarianism was founded in the slums of Jamaica on November 2nd, 1930, that was based on a movement in 1920, by Marcus Garvey. This movement was named after Ras Tafari Makonnen, who was crowned the Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia when the movement started. The term “Rastafarianism” is disliked by many in the movement because the “isms and schisms” characterize the corruption and oppression that white society was known for (in their perspective) and was believed to be the term given by the same people. The movement was formed to encourage Rastas (blacks- only at the time) to fight that oppression that they hated and was also formed on the Hebrew Bible belief that Black people are God’s chosen people (ReligionFacts.com).
Rastas believe in a Judeo- Christian god called Jah, and believed that Jah was manifested in the form of Jesus, whom the movement believes was actually black, and is manifested in the form of Emperor Haile Selassie. Their main beliefs are from Judaism and Christianity with the emphasis on the Old Testament laws, prophecies, and the Book of Revelation. Emperor Haile Selassie (His Imperial Majesty, the acronym is H.I.M) is seen as divine and his death was said to be a hoax and that he’s being protected somewhere safe until Judgement Day. Selassie is seen as the black Christ and mirrors Jesus Christ in many ways.
Rastafarians do not believe in an afterlife and consider Africa to be a sort of “heaven on earth” or Zion, and true Rastas are said to be immortal. Another concept they uphold is “I and I” instead of “you and I” which symbolizes the oneness of humans and God. This “I” is Jah in the universe, and that “I” ties an individual to God, and God is part of everyone, so therefore “I” is everyone. In this sense...


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...the white people, oppression, suppression, slavery, and the like are collectively called “Babylon”) into all evils that everyone faces (Home.wlu.edu). They were once thriving on a patriarchal view but are now more lenient and it has given way, slightly, to more sistrens and more women are accepted to speak their minds and contribute towards the group too. (GlobalExchange.org)
War, violence, the Pope, and nuclear warfare are all detested by the Rastafari. They, very much, abhor the thought of violence and these things are considered “Babylon” because Babylon is connected to the devil, so all of these things are the embodiment of him. Being pacifist or wanting peace is oftentimes challenging because of the environment in which the Rastas are residing in; these places are usually them slums, or more rural areas that face the very violence that they would rather not have.

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