The Motives Behind Binge Drinking Essay

The Motives Behind Binge Drinking Essay

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Introduction:
One of the most widely used depressants, or drug as some may consider it, is alcohol. Alcohol is a part of many, if not most, of all our lives, and can be seen advertised on almost every street corner. In fact, in 2013, 56.4 percent of people, age 18 and older, reported they have consumed alcohol within the past month, and more importantly, 24.6 percent disclosed they binge drank within the past month as well (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 2015). However, alcohol related deaths account for nearly 88,000 people annually, making it the third leading preventable cause of death within the United States (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 2015). With close to a quarter of the United States population engaging in such a risky behavior, one may be inclined to ponder as to why binge drinking is so popular. With that being said, the goal of this paper is to examine previous research related to the motivations behind binge drinking. Though this paper is not intended to focus on one particular group of individuals, the primarily focal point of the research is college students. The intent of this paper is to analyze existing research and target specific motivations behind binge drinking.
Social norms regarding binge drinking:
One of the biggest motivations behind binge drinking is social norms, that is, one’s peers view alcohol use, or binge drinking, is an acceptable behavior. Because binge drinking is so common among the collegiate life style, researchers conducted a study aimed at the relationship between college organizations and binge drinking. Chauvin (2012) hypothesized that college students who belonged to an organization, such as the Greek organization, were at a grea...


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...The subjects then were placed through a stress enhancer to examine if they were urged to binge drink. The results of the study suggest that people with higher levels of stress are at a higher risk of partaking in heavy binge drinking, comparted to those who are not stressed.
Another study aimed at exploring the relationship between stress, negative mood, and alcohol use. Grzywacz and Almeida (2008) conducted a study consisting of 1,031 adults (562 women, 469 men) who agreed to participate in telephone interviews. During the research, Grzywacz and Almeida subjected the respondents to the Daily Inventory of Stressful Experiences (DISE) test, which is a test to calculate the amount of stress one is under. The end result indicates those who are under more stress engage in binge drinking more commonly than those who are not stressed (Grzywacz & Almeida, 2008).

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