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When immigrants fled form England due to religious persecution, they sailed to the New World and founded colonies such as Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Hampshire, and New England as model Christian societies. They believed in constructing "cities upon hills," as John Winthrop put it, to guide those lost in the darkness of sin in England. Being founded by strict religious followers led the colony of New England to have very religious values and ethics. Document B displays a list of Emigrants bound for New England, most of which are groups of large families . The arrangement of families in towns created a tight knit community, which allowed a democratic government to form, were each person in the community had input, thus making an effective government. Virginia on the other hand developed distinctly differently. As document C shows, a list of emigrants bound for Virginia displays near to a 3:1 ratio of men to women and now families whatsoever . This difference affected the way the Chesapeake colony evolved. Without a family to invest in, men of the Chesapeake usually returned their proceeds back into the land, which they reaped it from. This created a community separated by vast plantations, which had little unity and no collaboration, thus making it difficult to produce an effective and democratic government. These demographic differences indeed differentiated the New England colony from the Chesapeake colony, but more distinct differences were found in each colony's geographic diversity.
Due to the harsh climate of the North, cash crops could not grow and therefore the northern colonies were well known for their richness in furs, fish, and timber. Because there was no need for a plantation, slaves were not introduced into the colony and therefore slavery was never morally accepted in the North. The Native American tribes of the Northeast were accepted in the New England colony and therefore trade flourished. Document E shows New England's toleration and fairness of the Native Americans by displaying the governments handling of trade, "receiving such moderate profit as may enable them to serve God and their neighbors with their arts an trades comfortably.
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Despite geographic and demographic differences in the Chesapeake and New England colonies, the most influential factor in determining why each colony developed differently was each colony's motives. New England was founded on the principle of creating a secure religious community in which generations could flourish. From this developed a civilized and governmentally ruled society, which would later gain its independence and then fight for the equality of all men, no matter their color. Chesapeake was founded as an economic venture to widen the pocketbooks of those who invested in it. The society that developed was unorganized and governed inappropriately, it would later rely heavily on the forced labor of racial barriers and eventually decimate the economic well being of the country.