Motivational Analysis Of The New England And Chesapeake Colonies

Motivational Analysis Of The New England And Chesapeake Colonies

Length: 1070 words (3.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
The colonies of New England and Chesapeake sprouted from a common origin and spoke the same tongue yet had little in common with each other. Despite geographic and demographic differences in the Chesapeake and New England colonies, the most influential factor in determining why each colony developed differently was each colony's motives. It was through this motivational difference that distinctly divided the New World into the North and South.
When immigrants fled form England due to religious persecution, they sailed to the New World and founded colonies such as Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Hampshire, and New England as model Christian societies. They believed in constructing "cities upon hills," as John Winthrop put it, to guide those lost in the darkness of sin in England. Being founded by strict religious followers led the colony of New England to have very religious values and ethics. Document B displays a list of Emigrants bound for New England, most of which are groups of large families . The arrangement of families in towns created a tight knit community, which allowed a democratic government to form, were each person in the community had input, thus making an effective government. Virginia on the other hand developed distinctly differently. As document C shows, a list of emigrants bound for Virginia displays near to a 3:1 ratio of men to women and now families whatsoever . This difference affected the way the Chesapeake colony evolved. Without a family to invest in, men of the Chesapeake usually returned their proceeds back into the land, which they reaped it from. This created a community separated by vast plantations, which had little unity and no collaboration, thus making it difficult to produce an effective and democratic government. These demographic differences indeed differentiated the New England colony from the Chesapeake colony, but more distinct differences were found in each colony's geographic diversity.
Due to the harsh climate of the North, cash crops could not grow and therefore the northern colonies were well known for their richness in furs, fish, and timber. Because there was no need for a plantation, slaves were not introduced into the colony and therefore slavery was never morally accepted in the North. The Native American tribes of the Northeast were accepted in the New England colony and therefore trade flourished. Document E shows New England's toleration and fairness of the Native Americans by displaying the governments handling of trade, "receiving such moderate profit as may enable them to serve God and their neighbors with their arts an trades comfortably.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Motivational Analysis Of The New England And Chesapeake Colonies." 123HelpMe.com. 21 Jan 2020
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=157373>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about The New England, Middle, And Southern Colonies

- The Social, Ethnic, and Economic Differences among the New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies The original thirteen colonies, established in the 1600’s, shaped the course for the unique, unified and diverse America that we live in today. The thirteen colonies were initially diversified by being placed into three different groups according to their location. The three groups were as follows: the New England, Middle, and Southern colonies. The New England colonies were Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode Island....   [tags: Thirteen Colonies, New England Colonies]

Research Papers
1108 words (3.2 pages)

The New England, Middle, And Southern Colonies Essay

- Sarbjit Kaur History 17 A Essay question Q 1. The American colonies were divided into three distinct regions and these regions were different from each other in their origins, populations, economics and agriculture, religious makeup, and connection to England .write an essay comparing and contrasting the New England, middle, and southern colonies with specific examples. The American colonies new England ,middle and southern colonies were very similar but different.The New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies grew differently over the period on 1619-1760....   [tags: Thirteen Colonies, New England Colonies]

Research Papers
895 words (2.6 pages)

The Chesapeake And New England Colonies Essay

- Although both the Chesapeake and New England colonies were settled largely by the same people, they became increasingly different as time went on. New England was colonized mainly by puritan settlers who sought religious freedom in the new world, leading to their colonies to develop around the church. However, the Chesapeake colonies which had original motivations of economic prosperity and a haven for Catholics. Due to these dissimilar initial motivations, the two regions continued to diverge as they progressed through history, creating two unique colonies....   [tags: Slavery, Thirteen Colonies, Indentured servant]

Research Papers
1063 words (3 pages)

New England and Chesapeake Bay Colonies Essay

- By 1700, differences in religious convictions, wealth, and climate transformed the New England and Chesapeake Bay colonies into distinct societies with markedly contrasting cultures and values. Having fled England because of religious persecution, the Puritans placed a greater emphasis on religion. In contrast, the Chesapeake society, consisting mostly of men who were affected by the primogeniture laws, placed more importance on wealth and land. The climates of the two societies fostered distinct economies and new cultural practices, such as the tobacco wives in the Chesapeake region....   [tags: chesapeake society, new england, puritans]

Research Papers
670 words (1.9 pages)

Essay on New England And Chesapeake Colonies

- In the 1600’s, America was the new world, and the land of opportunity, which spurred settlers to travel to the region seeking religious freedom or economic success. However, as the colonies of New England and Chesapeake were settled, they had contrasting viewpoints on how they should live, and manage their newly occupied settlements. These viewpoints correlated to specific problems arising in each area. For example, the New England colonies experienced the witchcraft scare, and the Chesapeake colonies experienced civil uprisings like Bacon’s rebellion....   [tags: Thirteen Colonies, United States]

Research Papers
1041 words (3 pages)

The New England And Virginia Colonies Essay

- The New England and Virginia colonies differed greatly in terms of religious and political matters. New England settlers reproduced much of England 's economy, with only minor variations. They did not invest largely in staple crops, instead, relied on artisan-industries like printing, shipbuilding, and carpentry. The New England religion was family-based and with extreme piety, For every six hundred individuals there was only one clergyman making it the highest rate in America at the time. In the Chesapeake, religious atmosphere was far less serious....   [tags: Thirteen Colonies, Virginia, United States]

Research Papers
782 words (2.2 pages)

The Growth Of The New England Essay

- The 17th century lifestyle in New England differed greatly from the lifestyle in the South and England at the time. New England colonists reaped the benefits of longevity and as a result, many families grew to be extremely large and developed. The colonists, primarily united under the shared goal of escaping religious persecution, established many small towns that were one of the first to exercise democracy. Education was also an important part of the New England lifestyle. Due to the climate, the economy in New England was vastly different compared to the South....   [tags: Slavery, Thirteen Colonies, New England]

Research Papers
1208 words (3.5 pages)

The Middle Colonies Of New England Over Living During The Chesapeake Bay

- After reviewing the differences, I believe I would choose life in the middle colonies of New England over living in the Chesapeake Bay. New England colonists were more focused on family and their security. Versus the Chesapeake who preferred to be individuals and work and live on their own. Both areas have their pros and cons but New England’s lifestyle was the better choice because of the low life expectancy rates the Chesapeake had, also from their way of living and fight for survival. Life in New England was centered on the family unit....   [tags: Marriage, Family, Puritan, New England]

Research Papers
960 words (2.7 pages)

Essay on Colonial Life : Virginia Vs. New England

- Affan Sheikh GHIST 225 Colonial Life: Virginia vs. New England By 1775, the population in the American colonies had reached 2.5 million inhabitants. Many of the colonist had escaped the hardships presented in Europe and sought a fresh start in the New World. The colonists in the new world were free to create their new homes in images they sought. However, life in different parts of colonial America were vastly distinct from one another. Virginia and the southern colonies will display its own set of values and traits while those in New England will be subject to an entirely different lifestyle than that of the south....   [tags: Thirteen Colonies, New England Colonies, Slavery]

Research Papers
1400 words (4 pages)

Chesapeake And New England Colonies Essay

- A community is a group of people who work together towards a common goal and share a common interest. Lack of such a quality can and most likely will cause a struggling town or city to fall into the extremes of poverty and wealth. The New England community was so strong and so supportive in comparison to that of the Chesapeake Bay, that it is no wonder they developed into two distinctly different cultures before the year 1700. The Chesapeake region developed into a land of plantations and money-driven owners, with the elite wealthy, almost no middle class, and those in poverty creating the population....   [tags: US History Colonies Compare Contrast]

Research Papers
1815 words (5.2 pages)

" The Chesapeake colony was situated in South, where the warm climate allowed cash crops to grow. This geographic difference greatly affected how the Chesapeake developed. Instead of trading with the Native Americans, the Chesapeake colony had little use for their services and decided to attempt to abolish their presence in the New World. As Document G suggests, the Chesapeake colony was at constant war with Native Americans, "For by our nearest computation we leave at out backs as many servants (besides Negroes) as there are freemen to defend the shores and all our frontiers [against] the Indians." As the document also shows, the use of African slaves, or "Negroes," was vital to the well being of the Chesapeake colony and therefore, slavery was morally accepted as a necessity to the South. The geographic differences of the New England and Chesapeake colonies were important in the development of each colony, but not nearly as much as the motivational differences.
New England was founded on the motivation of creating a "pure" society, which the people could govern and keep free of sin. The men and women who founded New England were building a home for themselves to live the rest of their lives in and a future for which they wanted their children to grow in. New England was designed to be a stable and self-reliant colony, and as Document A suggests, it was made to "uphold a familiar commerce together in all meekness, gentleness, patience, and liberality." Document D even further displays the image of a community working together for its greater good; by saying "everyone shall have a share of the [public] meadow or planting ground." To put it simply, New England was created as a place to live, not as a company's out-branching. By creating a stable environment for a family and community to thrive in, New England soon developed into an expanding productive community. The motivation for Chesapeake's creation was much different than that of New England. Chesapeake's sole motive for creation was economic wealth. As Document F suggests, without the motivation to create a stable community, things fell apart in Chesapeake, as described when Captain John Smith tells of how life was difficult in the Chesapeake when people only looked out for themselves, "The worst [among us were the gold seekers who] with their golden promises made all men their slaves." Document H also displays the lack of cooperation in the Chesapeake colony; when Bacon's Manifesto preaches of the evil done wrong by the inefficient government, "let us also consider whether any public work for our safety and defense or for the advancement and propagation of trade [were ever built]." Because Chesapeake was only built for economic gain, it never flourished into a well-knit community and never function as a true colony, only as a business venture. Due to the distinct diversity in the differences of the motivations of the New England and Chesapeake colonies, each one developed differently.
Despite geographic and demographic differences in the Chesapeake and New England colonies, the most influential factor in determining why each colony developed differently was each colony's motives. New England was founded on the principle of creating a secure religious community in which generations could flourish. From this developed a civilized and governmentally ruled society, which would later gain its independence and then fight for the equality of all men, no matter their color. Chesapeake was founded as an economic venture to widen the pocketbooks of those who invested in it. The society that developed was unorganized and governed inappropriately, it would later rely heavily on the forced labor of racial barriers and eventually decimate the economic well being of the country.
Return to 123HelpMe.com