The world was at war. Germany, controlled by Adolf Hitler, dominated much of Europe. It had been mainly Britain’s war, until June 1941, when the Nazis invaded the Soviet Union. In the Far East, Japan continued its imperialistic expansion having already occupied Korea, Manchuria and major cities in China.
In 1940, Japan aligned itself with the Axis Powers of Nazi Germany and Italy, led by fascist dictator Benito Mussolini. France’s fall to the Germans in 1940 enabled Japan to control previously held territories in Southeast Asia including Vietnam. In response to Japanese aggression, the US imposed embargoes on vital resources needed for Japan’s war efforts.
On December 7, 1941 Japan attacked American military bases in Hawaii devastating...
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Stimson, Henry. Henry Stimson Diary. 14-15 May 1945. Personal account. Sterling Library, Yale University, New Haven.
Stimson, Henry. Henry Stimson Diary. 25 Apr. 1945. Personal account. Sterling Library, Yale University, New Haven.
Sullivan, Edward T. The Ultimate Weapon: The Race to Develop the Atomic Bomb. New York: Holiday House, 2007.
Truman, Harry S. Memoirs by Harry S. Truman: Year of Decisions (vol. 1). New York: Doubleday, 1955.
Weintraub, Stanley. The Last Great Victory: The End of World War II, July/August 1945. New York: Truman Talley /Dutton, 1995.
Zhukov, Georgiĭ Konstantinovich. The Memoirs of Marshal Zhukov. New York: Delacorte, 1971.
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