Motivation, Organizational Behavior and Performance

Motivation, Organizational Behavior and Performance

Length: 525 words (1.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Motivation is an important concept which is critical for understanding of and improvement in organizational behaviour and performance. It is therefore important for the managers to understand motivation. It is an important tool which they can use to get more out of their employees and increase organizational performance. Motivation can be defined as the factors, both internal as well as external which arouse in individuals the desire and commitment for a job (Mele, 2005, p. 15). Organizational performance on the other hand refers to the degree to which the organizational objectives have been achieved.
Research has shown that motivation in an employee is an important factor which determines his performance. Motivation is the “driving force within individuals” (Mullins, 2007, p. 285). It is the concerned with finding out the reasons which shape and direct the behaviour of the individuals. The people act to achieve something so that they can satisfy some needs (Gitman and Daniel, 2008). It is important for the manager to understand this motivation of individual employees in order to inspire them and devise an appropriate set of incentives and rewards which would satisfy the needs that they have individually (Kerr, 2003). Once these needs are expected to be met in return for some specific behaviour or action, they would work more diligently to have that behaviour in them and to achieve that objective (Meyer and Hersovitch, 2001). Since it would lead to early and fuller achievement of the company objectives as the individual would work more diligently, it would lead to better organizational performance (Wiley, 1997).
It is important for manager to understand that what motivates the individuals. There are different kinds of motivation theories which reveal that individuals are motivated by different factors. For example there is extrinsic motivation and intrinsic motivation (Amabile, 1993). Extrinsic motivation refers to the motivation that one has for the extrinsic rewards such as pay, status, power, etc. Then there are intrinsic motivating factors such as the chance to exercise one’s skills, the opportunity to learn and personal development. Research suggests that various factors motivate employees in a different degree depending on their nature. It would therefore be important for the manager to understand that what are the motivating factors for individual employees and then provide them incentives accordingly so that they can work in a more productive fashion. Once the individuals work with greater excitement and vigour it would automatically lead to better performance.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Motivation, Organizational Behavior and Performance." 123HelpMe.com. 18 Feb 2019
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=175521>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Importance of Organizational Behavior Essay

- What is organizational behavior. Prior to this course, I had never known that much of what is organizational behavior and in which ways it can impact the organization. Initially, over the course my knowledge about OB was expanded. People who want to have a successful organization in business world; first they should be able to define OB which helps the organizations to be more effectively. “Organizational behavior is a study and an application of knowledge about how people, individuals and groups act in organizations” (Clark, 2000)....   [tags: organizational behavior, business, ]

Free Essays
943 words (2.7 pages)

Essay about Siemens And Hitachi : Organizational Behavior

- Siemens and Hitachi Introduction Organizational behavior is about developing our understanding and working skill, and a multidisciplinary area dedicated to understanding both group and individual behavior, and interpersonal processes. OB is directly concerned with the understanding, predicting and controlling of human behavior in organization. (According to Luthans) organizational behaviors is involved a large number of employees, human resources, huge investment and complex technology, ordination, chain of command, rule and procedures....   [tags: Organizational structure, Organizational culture]

Research Papers
1057 words (3 pages)

Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts Essay

- Organizational Behavior Terminology and Concepts Businesses today often promote change to create a better more productive work environment. These changes occasionally produce unwanted results which were not expected or planned for. By monitoring organizational behavior unwanted or negative results can be minimized so change can be effective within an organization. Organizational behavior, organizational culture, diversity, communication, business ethics, and change management are all factors within an organization....   [tags: Organizational Behavior]

Research Papers
1024 words (2.9 pages)

Motivation And Motivation For Employee Motivation Essay

- Motivation in the workplace is a crucial subject in the business world, since it is the force which drives the entire organization. One of the biggest questions which is constantly being asked by the majority of the managers is, how to motivate an employee and to set a productive environment within an organization. Employee motivation is derived from two foundations, intrinsic and extrinsic factors, which both govern personal behavior as well as performance. The ability to drive employees with components on the job that ties into their personal desires is applied through appropriate organization implementation....   [tags: Motivation, Management, Employment, Goal]

Research Papers
1158 words (3.3 pages)

How Biographical Traits of Individuals Affect Organizational Performance

- How Biographical Traits of Individuals Affect Organizational Performance To study the organization behavior, that is to study the people who form the organization. The success of an organization rests on the characteristics of its people. Successful managers can observe the employees’ behavior to understand their individual characteristics, which helps to improve the employees’ performance. Therefore, the performance of employees is directly related to their biographical characteristics and abilities....   [tags: Organizational Behavior Work Performance Essays]

Research Papers
777 words (2.2 pages)

The Concepts Of Organizational Behavior Essay examples

- Organizational behavior is directed to understanding, interpreting, and enhancing the behaviors and attitudes of the individuals and groups present in organizations. The concepts of organizational behavior can be applied to a multitude of organizational problems that can occur in corporate, educational, institutional, and other team settings. An instance of an organizational problem that I have experienced is when my company made the transition from a paper filing system to an electronic filing system....   [tags: Leadership, Management, Goal, Organization]

Research Papers
1596 words (4.6 pages)

Extrinsic Motivation And Intrinsic Motivation Essay

- An employee is one of the most important stakeholders within an organization. Without employees labor can not be accomplished. One of the attributes of a quality manager includes being able to motivate their subordinates. Our text describes motivation as “The psychological forces that determine the direction of a person’s behavior in an organization, a person’s level of effort, and a person’s level of persistence” (Jones, George 201 1). Motivation explains what persuades an individual’s actions....   [tags: Motivation, Maslow's hierarchy of needs]

Research Papers
1102 words (3.1 pages)

The Importance Of Motivation And Productivity, Organizational Culture, And Job Satisfaction

- The Importance of Motivation to Productivity, Organizational Culture, and Job Satisfaction Productivity Motivation in the workplace has a great effect on productivity. By motivating employees, a business can increase its productivity. According to Michaelson (2005), ”factors that individual workers regard as valuable need to be channeled or redirected to augment organizational productivity” (p. 235). There are several forms of motivation that can be used to increase productivity. Some motivational methods that could affect productivity are job engagement, goal-setting, and reinforcement....   [tags: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Motivation]

Research Papers
1324 words (3.8 pages)

Organizational Behavior Management ( Obm ) Is A Essential Part Of The Success Of A Company

- Organizational Behavior Management (OBM) is a vital part of the success of a company. It analyzes the psychological side of employee’s thoughts and actions even considering culture. This idea allows managers to improve not only individual behavior but also group dynamic performances/interactions and workers safety. This theory is considered as a science of the behavior of each employee. The history of OBM started in the 1900’s, with the strong influence of Skinner and Watson. In the workplace, the applications of behavioral principles to instructional design were the beginning for the use of science of behavior....   [tags: Motivation, Behavior, Human behavior, Psychology]

Research Papers
1394 words (4 pages)

Notes On Organizational Behavior And Management Essay

- ... I never thought of learning all these simple looking yet intense contents about organizational behavior and its importance in management. The topics on this subject cannot be mugged up or just memorize it. I always supported the importance of behavioral science but I used to think of it more of a theoretical subject and now I have realized that it is a practical subject that we would “actually” use in our professional as well as personal life. I have learned and realized so many things during this assignment because I was able to connect myself to the topics I chose....   [tags: Management, Psychology, Motivation]

Research Papers
1281 words (3.7 pages)

It is therefore seen that many companies such as Innocent Drinks (the fastest growing natural drinks producer in UK) are offering not only competitive salaries (extrinsic motivation) but also compose their work in terms such as providing a challenge to the workers (intrinsic motivation) (Innocent Drinks, 2009). This understanding of the motivation within individuals and addressing a range of motivating factors that are relevant to individuals, the company has been able to develop a strong team and a strong growth pattern.
So on the whole motivation is a very important concept for the managers to understand. Understanding that what ticks an individual, helps in developing the right incentive structure which goes a long way in getting the best out of individuals.

Return to 123HelpMe.com