Noah Chomsky is one of the most important intellectuals of the XX century, has influenced different intellectuals and for some people is known as the father of the modern linguistics. The subject of innateness hypothesis, which i have introduced before, is one of the main topics of his bibliography.
According to Chomsky the children have a sort of natural and innate predisposition for acquiring the language and they own this ability from when they are born. This peculiarity distinguishes us and them from the other animals. Children do not copy the language they hear, but they learn a repertoire of infinite sentences.
He affirms that every child has this Competence, which allows that the language could be developed, despite all the difficulties and situations present in the environment in which this child lives. Apart from the Competence there is also the Performance, the linguistic capabilities of a person. Competence and Performance are connected. (Clark 2009 First Language Acquisition). By living in this environment, the child will be able to set up rules referred to grammar and will be able to understand that some words are used for objects and others for express an action. This ability to speak is assimilated before they go to school, so nobody teaches them their own language. Therefore since from the first period of when they are born, Chomsky says that they have an inner predisposition to talk and to express words that they have never heard before; this is made possible by a sort of black box, the LAD,(Language Acquisition device), which can be found in the brain. This particular device should be able to help c...
... middle of paper ...
...uire different symbols, these results cannot be compared to children’s language acquisition ability.
There has been also another important study on primates that I would like to mention that support Chomsky’s theory. The name of this experiment is Project Nim: Dr. Herbert S. Terrace led the experiments and he was a Behaviorist. The results of this experiment were not good for him and his Behaviourism. Nim, the primate, formed utterances, but without a real in word order and using function words. Between the utterances only 12% were spontaneous and 88% were a response. As we can see also in this experiment he is not able to acquire language in the same way children do.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- From the late 17th Century to the 20th century, the West went through different scenarios of war, ideas and politics allowed the West to connect, dominate and retraction with Asia, Africa and the Americas. Through the use of instruments of national power (Diplomacy, Information, Military and Economics), the West impacted the rest of the world in many areas. Normally, diplomacy can also be seen as the political instrument that a country’s leadership uses to meet the country’s interests and objectives.... [tags: Imperialism, British Empire, Colonialism]
1480 words (4.2 pages)
- Every Armenian remembers the date which he/she lost a family member. On April 24, 1.5 million Armenians were systematically massacred in western Armenia during the years of 1915 to 1923. Turkish governments always denied the charges, historians and government officials relied on undeniable documents and eyewitnesses that Turkey is responsible for the crimes it committed to the Armenian people. Not very many countries recognize the massacre as a genocide, but France, Russia, Sweden, Greece, Argentina, and many others recognize the massacre as a genocide.... [tags: Ottoman Empire, Armenia, Turkey, Iran]
1029 words (2.9 pages)
- In the 18th century the normal practices of transportation agriculture, manufacturing and trade changed because of the new innovations and developments of the industrialization which was a development phase of new mechanical technologies and science. This took place between the late 18th and 19th centuries in most of the western world, like in United Kingdom and other parts of Europe and America. These parts faced huge socio-economic changes because of industrial revolution, the practices which were done by human and animal before now shifted to mechanized labour.... [tags: Transcendentalism, Ralph Waldo Emerson]
1424 words (4.1 pages)
- The Industrial Revolution during the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries was a period in time when Europe, especially England, began to go through mechanization—the transition from using hand tools, to energy powered machinery. Through the advancement of technology, development of power, and an increase in mechanization, the production of society also increased. The invention of the cotton gin sped up the process of separating seeds from cotton, and as a result, made slavery much more profitable.... [tags: Capitalism, Karl Marx, Marxism, Socialism]
1729 words (4.9 pages)
- Although the base of equity, liberty and peace in the world is constituted on the recognition of the importance of the decorum and dignity that all the members of human race have. Although is fundamental for all the human beings to feel free to expose their opinion, thoughts and points of views in an opportune way without the terror of their own fellow citizens well as the government and jurisdictions themselves. Although the non observance and the indifference for human rights in a recent enough past collapsed in atrocious acts which compromised the integrity of mankind's freedom in a century in which humans should be respected as such and although the very first article of Universal Declar... [tags: liberty, china, human rights]
1024 words (2.9 pages)
- The Enlightenment took place during the 18th century and was defined as "man's leaving his self-caused immaturity." A popular motto took place: "dare to know." It was a period of questioning and appliance of reasoning to explore many subjects often left untouched. People were leaving behind their past and advocating the use of scientific method instead of unproven beliefs on religion. The Enlightenment takes its name from those who wanted to contribute to a brighter future and society. Different paths were taken in order to make this period possible.... [tags: European History]
489 words (1.4 pages)
- The struggle between reason and emotion existed as long as human history. Human actions are the result of the struggle. Behind each action, the motive is either determined by one's emotion or reason. As a reflection of human thoughts, literature illustrates the struggle between emotion and reason in society. The seventeenth century is an era of change. It is an era intruded by science and reason. Despite the intrusion, emotion stood as an important element in society. The seventeenth century is an era of war between emotion and reason, which can be seen through the writing of authors such as Shakespeare, Hobbes, Swift, and Herrick.... [tags: Enlightenment, Logic, Individualism]
1431 words (4.1 pages)
- Systems thinking is an important factor in solving global problems. The twentieth-century has witnessed the development of a systems paradigm and different spheres of systems knowledge. However, further development of systems thinking necessitates overcoming the contradictions between different schools and unifying them into a single systems conception. With this in mind, systems problems are examined in light of the theory of knowledge. It is suggested that the gnosiological definition of the notion 'system' should be used as a basis for a single approach.... [tags: Philosophy Science Papers]
2741 words (7.8 pages)
- Stephen Spender's Political Writings and Views of the Twentieth Century Stephen Spender was truly an influential writer of the twentieth century. The greatest part of Spender's life was spent voicing his political opinions through his literary works. Stephen Spender's political views have changed through out his life. During the time he was a young adult, Spender's political opinions were radically liberal, however he gradually migrated his viewpoint to become more moderate in nature.... [tags: Papers]
1378 words (3.9 pages)
- ... Many considered exile as a human condition and an experience, wherein, the world seemed to be nothing but in existential terms, absurd and indifferent towards ones needs. This led to a situation where one feels like an outsider. John Simpson in the introduction of his book “The Oxford Book of Exile” says, that exile “is the human condition; and the great upheavals of history have merely added physical expression to an inner fact.”5 But, this holds true only if the exile is taken equivalent to self alienation in the modern sense.... [tags: Salman Rushdie, intellectuals]
2495 words (7.1 pages)