Morocco’s Geography, History, Economy, and Culture

Morocco’s Geography, History, Economy, and Culture

Length: 2087 words (6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Do you remember hearing about stories of flying carpets? These stories are traced back to the Arab culture, and most Moroccans now share this culture. Like Morocco’s famous rugs woven with different colors, old and new customs intertwine to make one culture. In this paper, you will explore Morocco’s geography, history, economy, and culture.
Morocco is located in northern Africa and borders the Mediterranean to the north, the Atlantic to the west, Algeria to the east, and Mauritania is to the south. Morocco has an area of 274,152 sq. mi, with the Western Sahara accounting for 101,823 sq. mi (Blauer & Lauré, 1999). Morocco's southern border is the Western Sahara (Piazza, 2007). The population is 31,627,428 (Infoplease, 2013).
Morocco has four major regions: the Coastal Lowlands, the Interior Mountains, Sahara region, and the High Plateaus (Piazza, 2007). Four mountain ranges stretch across Morocco, which are the Rif Mountains and three sections of the Atlas Mountains: Anti-Atlas, Grand Atlas, and Middle Atlas. Jebel Toukbal, the highest mountain in North Africa, is located in the Grand Atlas (Blauer & Lauré, 1999).
Morocco's climate is Mediterranean with more extreme weather in the interior region (Central Intelligence Agency, 2013). There are year-round hot conditions in the south and east (Piazza, 2007). The rainy season is from about October to May, and the dry season, from May to October (Perkins, 2010).
Rabat, the capital, is home to the king's palace as well as the rest of its government (Piazza, 2007). Several large cities are Casablanca, Fez, and Marrakech (Infoplease, 2013). Casablanca is Morocco's industrial, commercial, and financial hub famous for its whitewashed buildings (Piazza, 2007). Marrakech is Morocco's main tourist attraction. Fez is Morocco’s spiritual and cultural center (Blauer & Lauré, 1999).
Morocco has a variety of flora and fauna such as olive trees, almond, citrus, and fruit trees, jackals, rabbits, porcupines, hedgehogs, wild boars, mountain cats, Barbary sheep, hawks, eagles, owls, hyenas, fennec, jerboas, sand rats, scorpions, and various snakes (Piazza, 2007). Morocco has the second-largest number of mules in Africa. People often use camels for desert transport (Blauer & Lauré, 1999).
The Berbers first arrived in Morocco in 2000 B.C. (Infoplease, 2013). They were mainly farmers and herders from Asia. The Roman Empire conquered Carthage and northern Morocco in the 40’s A.D. In the 429, a northern European people called the Vandals took control, but the Byzantine Empire defeated them.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Morocco’s Geography, History, Economy, and Culture." 13 Oct 2019

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

An X-Ray of Morocco Essay

- ... Then the last is the desert region which lays in the southern part of Morocco. One can find this, by going beyond the Atlas Mountains. This region has virtually no rain, very hot summer daytime temperatures and very cold winter nights. It is a rough place to live and not for the faint of heart. When Morocco gained possession of Western Sahara in the 1970s, allowing them to have two-thirds of the world’s potential phosphate reserves. According to Our Africa ,Phosphate exports account for over a third of foreign trade revenues for Morocco....   [tags: North African countries]

Research Papers
2888 words (8.3 pages)

Moroccan Food : Uniqueness, Influences, And Culture Essay

- Moroccan Food: Uniqueness, Influences, and Culture Emily Pichardo Professor Ilkay Cal Poly Pomona 1 June 2015 Moroccan Food: Uniqueness, Influences, and Culture History of Culture: The Moroccan food culture is very unique and enticing through sight, smell, and taste in ways that many other cuisines cannot fulfill, all of which is due to its history and influences over the years. Morocco is located in Northern Africa right by the Mediterranean Sea. It 's location has been a great influence on both its history and culture....   [tags: Morocco, North Africa, Moroccan cuisine, Africa]

Research Papers
1653 words (4.7 pages)

Spain: Geography, Population and Economy Essay

- Overview Located in Southwestern Europe, Spain, the 51st largest country, lies at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean. Spain is deep with values and architecture that date back centuries. With such a profound history, each region of Spain could easily be thought of as an independent country. Surpassing many hurdles over the last few decades has taught Spain at the end of the day all that matters is your word. Cultural Aesthetics Rich with medieval architecture, Spain is plentiful with Romanesque and Gothic structures....   [tags: culture, architecture, europe]

Research Papers
1496 words (4.3 pages)

Essay about History And Evolution Of Morocco

- Every country around the world has its own philosophy and evolution. Morocco, a country located in North West Africa, broadly exposed on the Atlantic Ocean from the west, and the Mediterranean Sea from the north. The Strait of Gibraltar, which unites the Mediterranean and the Atlantic, splits Morocco from Spain by eight miles. Morocco is the foundation of numerous cultures and is prominent by its biodiversity. The languages spoken vary from Arabic, French, Berber, Spanish and English. Abundant plains lie beside Morocco 's coasts, and wooded mountains stretch through the middle of the country....   [tags: Morocco, Mediterranean Sea, Berber languages]

Research Papers
1573 words (4.5 pages)

Essay about Geography: History, Culture and Economy of Estonia

- Capital Tallinn is the major capital of Estonia with a population of approximately 390 thousand. Located along the coast of the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Finland, is one of the largest cities of Estonia in habiting nearly thirty percent of the total population in Estonia. Home of one of the best preserved medieval towns in Europe, Toopea Hill, located the center of Tallinn, features architecture which originated in the 15th and 17th century. Various notable site in Toopea are the Russian grand orthodox church, the Nevky cathedral, and their St Mary’s Cathedral, which is considered to be the country oldest cathedral since 1229....   [tags: gulf of finland, tallinn, history]

Research Papers
1685 words (4.8 pages)

The History of Geography in Lithuania Essay

- The beginning of the history of geography in Lithuania is reaching as far as the times of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (12-18th century) and is mostly connected with one of the oldest Universities in Northern Europe - Vilnius University, established in 1579. For this reason geography as a science has deep traditions in Lithuania. One of the most influential organizations to the development of modern geography in the country is the Lithuanian Geographical Society, which was established in 1934 and, despite various turmoil, has managed to survive until today....   [tags: Geography, Science History]

Research Papers
1956 words (5.6 pages)

Essay on My Trip On The Village Of Chefchaouen, Morocco

- While staying with a host family in the village of Chefchaouen, Morocco, I discovered first-hand how essential it is to recognize and accept cultural differences, and to respect their values as I would my own. Spending my days exploring the town, and listening to our local guide, I enjoyed rich learning opportunities that I could never have experienced in a traditional classroom setting. My adventures in Chefchaouen centered on the awe-inspiring trips to the walled, deep-rooted section of town called the Medina....   [tags: Culture, Patient, Morocco, The Culture]

Research Papers
732 words (2.1 pages)

The Vast Cultural Changes of the Country Morocco Essay

- Morocco is a Muslim and Arab North-African Kingdom which lies on the Mediterranean coasts. The country knew significant historical events which had a strong impact on the construction of modern Morocco. Since its independence, Morocco has witnessed deep Socio-Cultural mutations. It is within these changes that culture has been organized for the last five decades. Indeed, at the outset, Morocco is an ethnically assorted country with a rich culture and civilization. As I met with some old friends in a café, they said, “Morocco hosted many people coming from East(Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Jews and Arabs), and South(Romans, and Andalusians)....   [tags: Moroccon Culture]

Research Papers
1208 words (3.5 pages)

Essay on Japan's History and Geography

- There is a country in the Pacific Rim and that country is Japan. Throughout this paper we will explore the topics of Japan’s history, government, economy, geography and topography, and Japans culture and customs. As we learn and explore these topics I leave this note fore the reader, “I hope I get a good score on this paper” (Sanne, page 1). Please enjoy the essay into which I poured my blood, tears, and valuable time. First off let me take back through time. Watch your step as you now proceed to the earliest time in Japan’s history, the Jomon era....   [tags: geography, Japan, ]

Research Papers
1148 words (3.3 pages)

Morocco Essay

- Morocco is a fascinating country in Africa. My parents both originate from Morocco. I thought it would be interesting to learn where my family is from. Morocco is in northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and the Western Sahara. Morocco has been the home of the Berbers since the second millennium B.C. In A.D.46, Morocco was annexed by Rome as part of the province of Mauritania until the Vandals overran this portion of the declining empire in the 5th century....   [tags: Political Science]

Research Papers
850 words (2.4 pages)

The Berbers defeated the Byzantine and regained control of the region (Piazza, 2007). The Arabs invaded in 685 and brought Islam (Infoplease, 2013). In 711, the new Arab and Berber army invaded the area in modern-day Spain. During this time, the Idris family (sharifs or directs descendant of Mohammad) founded their capital city of Fez in 808. Weakness in their dynasty led to the rise of the Almoravids (Piazza, 2007). The Almoravids created their capital, Marrakech, in 1062,but in 1147, the Almohads took power away from the Almoravids (Blauer & Lauré, 1999). The Merinids, took control in 1271 after capturing Marrakech. The Merinids created a new capital, Rabat. In 1510, the Saadians obtained control, but in 1663, the Alawite family defeated them. Eventually, rival groups fought for control, but in 1750, Sultan Sidi Mohammed restored unity by turning attention driving out the remaining Christians and Portuguese. From 1873 to 1894, Moulay Hassan, Mohammed’s son, held power and tried to modernize Morocco and keep it independent (Piazza, 2007). Al-Aziz ruled after his father Hassan (Perkins, 2010).
European nations started colonizing Morocco in the 1880’s (Blauer & Lauré, 1999). Spain ruled northern Morocco and a strip in the south. France ruled the rest of the country (Perkins, 2010). Moulay Hafid replaced his brother Abdul Aziz in 1908, and in 1912, he signed the Treaty of Fez, which made Morocco a French and Spanish protectorate. In 1921, the Rif Republic formed to fight against the French and Spanish, but the French and Spanish defeated them in 1926. The French appointed Mohammad V (Hafid’s nephew) in 1927, but instead of helping the French, he supported Moroccan rights and independence (Piazza, 2007). In 1943, the Istiqlal Party was formed to get independence. Mohammad V supported them, and in 1947, he urged Morocco to unite and become self-governed (Perkins, 2010). In 1943, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill met in Morocco in Casablanca to discuss war plans. Roosevelt promised to aid in their independence, but he was not in office after the war and was unable to help Morocco. The French exiled Mohammad to Madagascar in 1993, and they replaced him with his uncle, Sidi Mohammad Ben Moulay Arafa (Blauer & Lauré, 1999). To stop rising violence, France returned Mohammad in 1955. On March 2, 1956 France gave Morocco independence, and in April, Spain gave up its claims (Perkins, 2010).
After independence, Mohammed V organized a constitutional monarchy and assumed the title king in 1957 (Central Intelligence Agency, 2013). Mohammad V died in 1961 (Infoplease, 2013). Hassan II ruled after his father (Piazza, 2007). He created the first constitution in 1962, which involved a king, prime minister, cabinet, and elected legislature. Political unrest in 1965 forced Hassan to declare a state of emergency in which he took ultimate authority until 1970 when a new constitution and new legislature were approved (Perkins, 2010). After two coups in 1971 and 1972, Hassan took control again and tightened national security (Piazza, 2007). In 1992, Hassan passed another constitution that gave him more power (Blauer & Lauré, 1999). The Polisario Front began fighting for independence in the Western Sahara (Infoplease, 2013). A referendum was called to settle the dispute over the Western Sahara, but voter eligibility has indefinitely delayed the referendum (Perkins, 2010). Despite this uncertainty, Morocco will always consider the Western Sahara as part of itself (Blauer & Lauré, 1999). In 1997, Morocco adopted a bicameral legislature. Hassan died in 1999, and his son, Mohammad VI, succeeded him. In 2011, Mohammad VI created a new constitution that allowed new power to the parliament and prime minister. Mohammad closed human abuse prisons, released political prisoners, and gave the press freedom. Morocco and the U.S. began fighting terror after the al-Qaeda killed nearly 3,000 people on September 11, 2001 (Piazza, 2007). In 2003, al-Qaeda placed bombs targeting Jewish, Spanish, and Belgium buildings in Casablanca. Mohammed VI also works for economic reform, women’s rights, and terrorism opposition (Infoplease, 2013).
The Kingdom of Morocco is a Constitutional Monarchy with a king and constitution that gives him command over armed forces, orders relating to force of law, and control of major government agencies (Perkins, 2010). The government has three branches. The Executive branch consists of the king, prime minister, and his cabinet. The king is hereditary and prime minister is elected (Central Intelligence Agency, 2013). There are two houses in the Legislature: the Chamber of Representatives who are elected by the people, and the Chamber of Councilors who are chosen by local governments, organizations, and other groups. The Judicial branch includes the Supreme Court and several lower courts (Perkins, 2010). The king influences the Supreme Court even though it is technically independent. The national legal system is based on Islamic codes and Berber laws (Piazza, 2007).

Blauer, E. & Lauré, J. (1999). Morocco: Enchantment of the world. New York: Children's Press.
Central Intelligence Agency. (2013). The world factbook: Morocco. Retrieved from
Infoplease. (2013). Morocco. Retrieved from
Perkins, K. J. (2010). Morocco. In The world book encyclopedia (Vol. 13, pp. 810-815). Chicago, IL: World Book, Inc.
Piazza, F. D. D. (2007). Morocco: In pictures. Minneapolis, MN: Twenty-First Century Books.
Return to