Spain was a global superpower in matters of wealth and their successes stemming from the arts and academia to travel and territorial conquests. Of these accomplishments, their most prized achievement was acquiring a heavy portion of Latin America where their influence originated from the northern borders of Mexico deep into South America. They abused the resources they found, cheated the natives all the while demolishing their culture and population. In turn this gave birth the rise of a number of rebellions by the oppressed against the conquistadors to take back the land and implement laws and social standards that benefited the people and return to them the rights that they had been stripped of.
Prominent leaders that rose to the occasion during the chaotic rebellions, include José Morelos and Simón Bolívar. Both of these leaders sought great reform for the Latin American people. The way in which the natives were going to be governed and the rights they deemed to be equal for all was the overall premise in the goals of Bolivar and Morelos. However, when it came to matters of execution and how the Latin America should be ran post rebellion, they differed. Morelos uses his piece The Sentiments of the Nation to justify his ideals concerning a democratic state that was heavily theocratic in manner. Bolívar, in contrast had a more efficient plan. In his Address Delivered at the Inauguration of the Second National Congress of Venezuela, Bolívar supports the idea of governing Latin America as a republic.
The Sentiments of the Nation is a defensive piece that lays the groundwork for Morelos’ Constitutional Decree for the Liberty of the Mexican America. The article has twenty-thre...
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... in particular because the republic form of government pertained more to the needs of the people. Morelos’s standpoint was attractive in manners of its similarity to Bolivar’s but his excessive emphasis on theocracy being a part of his projected democratic foundation was not appealing. For something to be a democracy, one would expect the fair treatment of all and a very large amount of tolerance. But Morelos’ ideas made government too theocentric. From lack of religious toleration to the establishment of the constitution, his plans were too exclusionary.
Both Morelos and Bolivar had different type of political views on how Latin America should be governed. Morelos wanted to keep the traditional caste system that was used by the Spanish. Bolivar wanted a republic, a system for the people. He felt that the government used overseas would not work in the Americas.
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