In Olympian society the basic challenge of morality was the ability to control Eris and Eros. The issue society has with Eris is they believe rationality can completely control negative feelings and reactions however this is very untrue. Today’s society is fueled around people’s discomforts with others however; the world believes that rationality can subdue those feelings. Through rationality and logic people can work out issues they may have with one another however, logic or choice was completely chimera in ancient society causing Eris to strive. The problem with rationality is it cannot fix all problems and sometimes instinct or dislike overpowers what would be acceptable. In modern society logic controls Eris making it a weaker driving force however it still exists. It would be ignorant to pretend strife, conflict and rebuttal does not exist in society therefore Eris is still pre...
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...is and Eros created the moral structure of ancient society and are still a present force in the modern world. Without the drive of Eros and Eris the world would have no good or bad and all would be very moderate and boring. Along with Eros and Eris there must be a combination of natural science and logic to represent the best moral structure possible. The Iliad and Hesiod represent why external actions are important and with the help of modern philosophy, choice, has prospered into the world of morality. Eris and Eros will always be present in human society helping to create true moral standards.
Lattimore, Richard. trans. The Iliad of Homer, (Chicago.The University of Chicago Press 1951)
Lattimore, Richard. trans. Works and Days by Hesiod (Ann Arbor, Michigan Press 1959)
Thomas West, trans., Plato’s Apology, (New York: Cornell Paperbacks, 1998)
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