Morality is not a science; it is an ever-changing view of what is right and wrong, good from bad throughout the course of human life. Science deals with facts, measures of values, where there are only “personal” opinions. Morality is subjective, where I don’t believe that there is such thing as moral facts. People disagree/ agree over ethical questions all the time, it is subjective matter. In a subjective matter, the speaker conveys feelings, where as in a scientific matter, the speaker would report facts (tested/proven). I feel that there are no moral facts for this exact reason, when we say something is wrong or right, we are expressing what our personal approval or disapproval may be, although their might be a common consensus, a personal view is shown. Examples of opinions could be “All men are created equal” or “Copying someone’s test is wrong”, or “Drug dealers are bad people”. These are commonly used phrases/ saying that have no proof of being correct.
There are not right and wrong answers about good and bad things, these again are subjective opinions that someone can form. Again, there are no moral facts to show what is actually right and wrong, and people hold all types of opinions on various debates that arise. It is impossible to prove that one moral opinion is better than the other. The power of reasoning can be used to discover what these answers are, although they are not definite answers, just opinions. “Laws of nature” can be the same everywhere but the rules of conduct change and differ from place to place, where shows that the power of reasoning must be used. I feel as if the power of reasoning leads someone to believe whether they should or should not agree with that fact. For instance, “Abortio...
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...its receive”. The vices are immoral in this context, more of a description of the bee’s selfish character however. The luxuries that they have made within the hive feed their ongoing pride to continue the selfish behavior and greed, they continue reaping the benefits, where as others in society are not mentioned and do not reap the benefits. To me, Mandeville’s conclusion connects perfectly to the “spontaneous order”, there is order, but it is self centered in the case of the vices, yet benefits the group of selfish individuals. “Greed, pride, ambition” will absolutely make people want to continue to get the best deals, more and more, which as I said before would stimulate the economy.
Works Cited for Chapter 2:
Graham, Gordon. “Chapter Two” Theories of Ethics: An Introduction to Moral Philosophy with a Selection of Classical Readings. (2011). New York: Routledge
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