Benedict defines normal as “a variant of the term of the good” and morality as “a convenient concept of what is socially approved” (Pojman, 518). In other words, any socially acceptable behavior that is viewed as normal is also good. All of the different moralities are equally valid. Using the argument of “normality”, every culture decides what action is right, to suit the majority. Then those people live with what they define as normal and the minority then become different and abnormal (Pojman, 518). Benedict emphasizes that moral and ethical relativism occurs as a response to differences in cultures naturally (Pojman, 518-519). Subjectivism is the extreme end of relativism. This belief makes mortality determined by individuals, not society or universe. Therefore, what you believe in is the onl...
... middle of paper ...
...issues appear at the conventionalist level, then they are more powerful at the subjectivist level. If subjectivism is true, then law systems and courts are useless, since the only standard we are judged for is our own. Basically, all actions are correct according to subjectivists. Therefore, subjectivists are not able even to criticize murder or terrorism because these actions are valid and acceptable as love and caring, since they are a part of the person’s moral principles. By removing value of judgment from my behavior “saying all is fine since I believe in it, I am then left without motives to act in moral way, because I can create whatever moral principle to match and justify my actions. An example we discussed in class is Tedd Bundy who was moral subjectivist, and had absolutely no reason to stop his crimes, since he follows what “he” thinks is right or wrong.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Cultural relativism is the term given to the idea that there are no universal moral values that apply to all mankind and that every culture has its own set of moral principles. This set of principles varies from culture to culture, and it is extremely rare, if not totally impossible, to find a moral principle that is followed by all cultures. For example, the idea of arranged marriages, which is the concept of two families marrying their son and daughter even though they don’t particularly know each other, is fairly common in Indian culture but non-existent in American culture.... [tags: Morality, Cultural relativism, Moral relativism]
1457 words (4.2 pages)
- Moral relativism is the concept that people’s moral judgement can only goes as far a one person’s standpoint in a matter. Also, one person’s view on a particular subject carries no extra weight than another person. What I hope to prove in my thesis statement are inner judgements, moral disagreements, and science are what defend and define moral relativism. Inner judgements are critiques about a person’s particular behaviour and what they should or should not have done. Judgements include labels that outline a person’s behaviour or lifestyle.... [tags: Morality, Human, Moral relativism]
1003 words (2.9 pages)
- The debate between moral relativists and moral cognitivists is centered around the question of whether there exists a metric by which actions and intentions can be judged. To avoid any confusion and prevent the opportunity for any strawman attacks, morality will be considered in a broad sense as the distinction between what a person ought to do and ought not do. Also, moral relativism will be defined as holding the belief that moral actions are relative, or subjective, to contextual circumstance and that there exists no metric by which actions and intentions can thereby be globally judged.... [tags: Morality, Moral relativism, Relativism, Culture]
1028 words (2.9 pages)
- Which is which. In the attempt to explain morality, two prominent theories exist- moral relativism and moral objectivism. Morality in a sense is difficult to explain, both theories attempt to shed a bit of light in way to break down its complexity. Moral Relativism argues in the view that morality exists only due to the fact that it is relative, or in respect to, cultural or individual beliefs. In a sense, it is up to the people to determine what is right and wrong. On the other hand, moral objectivism views that morality is not parallel, or relative, to one 's beliefs.... [tags: Morality, Human, Ethics, Moral relativism]
1394 words (4 pages)
- The world contains a great numbers of different cultures that vary from different countries. Sometimes we found other culture interesting or hard to understand. I believe that moral relativism is a unilateral argument that people who consider this standpoint ignore the fact that there are universal standard and the moral progress happen in the society. Based on culture relativism, there is no definitely right or wrong moral standards which they all depend on different culture or different person.... [tags: Culture, Cultural relativism, Moral relativism]
1167 words (3.3 pages)
- In ones adolescent years, an important figure or role model taught the values of morality, the importance between right and wrong and the qualities of good versus bad. As the years, decades, and centuries have passed by, the culture of morality and the principles that humankind lives by have shifted and changed over time. In the article, “Folk Moral Relativism”, the authors, Hagop Sarkissian, John Park, David Tien, Jennifer Cole Wright and Joshua Knobe discuss six different studies to support their new hypothesis.... [tags: Morality, Moral relativism, Relativism]
1352 words (3.9 pages)
- According to Pinker (2008), morality is stated to have aspects of universalism. He asserts that we are born with universal morality mechanisms and we adapt to our circumstances and come up with our own set of moral rules based on our instinctive moral schemas and where we come from (Pinker, 2008). In his article he specifically outlines five moral universals which are somehow incorporated into practically every set of moral rules no matter how different. I agree with Pinker’s analyses of morality.... [tags: Morality, Moral relativism, Ethics]
982 words (2.8 pages)
- Argument from moral variability, as we discuss in our philosophy class, it is an argument to support Ethical Relativism, this argument claims that since different people have different moral standards, so there is no universal moral standard. As Stace claimed in his essay “ Ethical Relativism: A Critique”, “For the absolutist there is a single universal moral standard. For the relativist there is no such standard. There are only local, ephemeral, and variable standards.”(Stace, para 7). What Stace indicated in his argument is: people form different moral standards based on their backgrounds, circumstances, and ages, one thing treated right for this group may be treated wrong for the other g... [tags: Morality, Moral relativism, Relativism, Truth]
1035 words (3 pages)
- Gilbert Harman lays out his moral relativism theory with “inner judgments”, the statements concerned with “ought”, in Moral Relativism Defended. However, he assumes an important premise of his theory to be true, which is the reason that I will prove the missing premise – that moral relativism is true – in this paper. Moreover, his form of moral relativism with his “four-place predicate ‘Ought(A,D,C,M),’ which relates an agent A, a type of action D, considerations C, and motivating attitudes M,” has brought about both meta-ethical and practical concerns.... [tags: Morality, Moral relativism, Ethics]
1800 words (5.1 pages)
- Cultural Relativism is a moral theory which states that due to the vastly differing cultural norms held by people across the globe, morality cannot be judged objectively, and must instead be judged subjectively through the lense of an individuals own cultural norms. Because it is obvious that there are many different beliefs that are held by people around the world, cultural relativism can easily be seen as answer to the question of how to accurately and fairly judge the cultural morality of others, by not doing so at all.... [tags: Culture, Cultural relativism, Morality, Value]
1079 words (3.1 pages)