The moral obligation of a business is to maximize profits while obeying the law according to the canonical view of business social responsibility, but why should businesses abide to the law and not deviate from it. The reason why organizations should adhere to the laws is because it is the moral thing to do. Humans tend to do what is beneficial to them by providing the maximization of their self-profits. When this becomes the focus nothing can get in their way. They will break laws and create a chaotic society. Humans will commit bad acts if they will have personal gain. Thomas Hobbes wanted to bring an end to this chaotic society “state of nature” to an organized state. This is when he created the social contract to create an organized state. Hobbes views justice and other ethical ideals as resting on an implied agreement among individuals to relinquish the right to do whatever they please in exchange for all others limiting their rights in a similar manner thus achieving security for all.” (Pg. 129) According to Hobbes the purpose of abiding to this agreement will maximize security in society. Hobbes’s moral philosophy stems from his “Law of Nature” is a precept or general rule, found out by reason, by which a man is forbidden to do that which is destructive of his life, or taketh away the means of preserving the same; and to omit that, by which he thinketh it may be best preserved. For though they that speak of this subject, use to confound jus, and lex, right,and law, yet they ought to be distinguished; because right consisteth in liberty to do or to forbear, whereas law, determineth, and bindeth to one of them: so that law, and right, differ as much, as obligation, and liberty, which is one and the same matter are inconsiste...
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...ring happiness by any means necessary then the United States should engage in bribery. By choosing to it would help acquire or retain business contracts. Mill’s moral theory is “actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. ” According to Mill, the basis of morality is happiness everyone’s desire is to be happy. If one chooses to adapt Mill’s philosophy on the utilitarian principle as the foundation of morals the restriction should be removed. It would create human happiness to the greatest number of people if the United States would be able to gain an advantage in the foreign market. Not engaging in bribery would be wrong as Mill states because it would produce the reverse of happiness. But if your following Kant’s philosophy engaging in bribery means your not doing what is morally right.
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