Although the ancient world has gone and passed, the remnants of awe inspiring monuments let the modern world know of the great civilizations of the past. The Nana Ziggurat at Ur and The Stepped Pyramid of King Djoser at Saqqara are two of these monuments and they model two of the most important civilizations of the ancient world: the Neo-Sumerians and the Old Kingdom Egyptians. Built about 500 years apart, these structures are remarkably similar in face value. Upon deeper inspection however, these monuments differ just as much as the cultures they represent. While both the Nana Ziggurat and the Stepped Pyramid of King Djoser are sky grazing monuments for their respective cultures, the neo-Sumerian culture utilizes copious amounts of access points to reserve this structure for public worship of the gods in life, whereas the Egyptians built a grand inaccessible monument for the worship and preservation of their godly king in the afterlife, signifying that these structures vary widely in both function and religious meaning.
On the face value, the Nana Ziggurat at Ur and the Stepped Pyramid of King Djoser are quite similar. Both structures are composed of massive layers made of mud brick which taper off decreasing in area as they rise. However, while their step like quality is visually similar, the actually function of these layers are vastly differ. Firstly, the Ziggurat at Ur, built between 2681 and 2662 BCE, contains actually steps on the structure. In fact, this Ziggurat contains various staircases meant to offer various different pathways to utilize this structure. The Egyptian that structure was created some 500 years later however, is not to be climbed. The massive layers of mud brick tower over any human,...
... middle of paper ...
... Complete with publically accessible stairways and a centralized location, this temple was meant to connect the citizens of Ur with their gods. The Ancient Egyptians, on the contrary, used the Stepped Pyramid of King Djoser to house and commemorate their Pharaoh in his afterlife. While the gigantic monument encouraged worship with its size, the walled funerary complex, false passages, and guarded nature ultimately signaled the pyramid as a private monument, reserved for the close contact worship of only a select few. In the end, the cultural differences between the Neo-Sumerians and Old Kingdom Egyptians led to the vast differences in their respective monumental structures. It goes to show that even the most visually similar structures or pieces, like the Nana Ziggurat and the Stepped Pyramid of King Djoser, can differ wildly in their function and religious context.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- From nature to modern technology, this world has always been engulf by many miraculous wonders. However, the first of the all of them are the seven wonders of the ancient world. These seven ancient wonders are the great pyramid of Egypt, the hanging gardens of Babylon, the statue of Zeus at Olympia, the temple of Artemis at Ephesus, the mausoleum at Halicarnassus, and the lighthouse of Alexandria. These seven gigantic wonders surround the Mediterranean Sea, from Egypt to Greece to the Asia Minor, which now turkey, to Syria.... [tags: Monuments to a Higher Being]
545 words (1.6 pages)
- Commemorative monuments have been constructed by political powers for centuries. From Egyptian obelisks to architectural propaganda, these structures all represent a certain symbolic significance. Their initial symbologies, however, do not always stand the test of time. Such is the case with the Victory Arch, a monument commissioned by Saddam Hussein in 1985 in order to commemorate Iraq’s questionable victory in the Iran-Iraq War . In fact, a recent New York Times article raises insight regarding controversies concerning plans to restore the arch .... [tags: World Monuments, Symbolism, Messages]
853 words (2.4 pages)
- The ancient Egyptians were a very creative group of people, whether they were documenting moments in their history, creating works of art, or showing reverence to their leaders and gods. When they did this, they showed an appreciation for symbolism, symmetry and color. In doing so, many of their works were entwined with their cultural beliefs and practices. This allowed them to demonstrate the way they saw the world physically and spiritually. As a nation the ancient Egyptians expressed their culture through murals, jewelry and monuments which had an influence on history and proved to represent them as a historical world power.... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Ramesses II, Egyptians]
884 words (2.5 pages)
- In the sixth century B.C, the land that we now call Iran was the center of the largest empire in the world. The kings of Ancient Persia( such as Cyrus the Great) were the leaders of a great civilization that made amazing advances in laws, goverment and communication. Founded in 550 B.C by King Cyrus the Great, the Persian Empire spanned from Egypt in the west to Turkey in the north, and through Mesopotamia to the Indus River in the east. Unlike most empires at that time, the Persian kings were benovelent rulers, and allowed a diverse variety of diffrent people with diffrent ethnic backgrounds.... [tags: ancient history, cyrus the great]
1431 words (4.1 pages)
- “Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece” According to history there existed two of many important ancient civilizations that left a significant mark in the history of human development that even today leaves modern society in awe of its greatness. In spite of being distant civilizations, Ancient Egypt and Ancient Greece share similarities and difference in terms of how they practiced religion,political structure, everyday life style, and how they built the monumental architectures that continued to amaze the modern world of today.... [tags: ancient civilization, religion, culture]
889 words (2.5 pages)
- According to those the Great Angel was the patron of the Strait and for this reason, four churches had been built face to face, two in the European coast in Rumeli-Kavak and Mega Revma, and two in East-Kavak and Tsegkelkioi. From the 612 AD the "Monastery tou Anggelou" (of the Angel), seals the existence of the village, by giving to the place, name and identity: "Ta iS Anggelou" means "of the Angel". Ancient aqueducts, tombs, columns, tombstones were found in excavations and numerous reports and descriptions by historians argue that the magnificent church of the Great Angel (built by Justinian 527-565 AD) was there.... [tags: Family, Grandparent]
1946 words (5.6 pages)
- In the world today, there are many spectacular sculptures and artworks. The statue of Zeus at Olympia was possibly the most famous statue in the ancient world. It is known to be one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. The Greek sculptor Phidias made it about 435 BC, and dedicated to Zeus the king of gods. The statue of Zeus was the greatest statue to be built in Greece. The artists of this statue captured the royalty of the king by seating Zeus on a throne to inspire tremendous awe in all that witnessed this statue.... [tags: Olympic Games, Ancient Olympic Games, Olympia]
1018 words (2.9 pages)
- The Egyptians (2700 BCE - 1075 BCE) and the Achaemenid (550 BCE - 330 BCE) were two of the most influential civilizations of ancient times. They created empires that would leave a cultural mark on the world and the civilizations yet to come. Even though they both have created a lasting impression on the world today, these two civilizations were starkly different. Three of the more defining contrasting differences are Egypt 's polytheistic religion compared to the Achaemenid Zoroastrianism, the compositions and tactics of each civilization’s military, and the governmental/social structure of the Egyptians versus the Achaemenid.... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Ramesses II, Zoroastrianism]
2069 words (5.9 pages)
- Roman Architecture Roman architecture implemented many characteristics of Ancient Greek architecture. The Romans showed the influence of their engineering skills and secular monuments, while Greek architecture exhibited the influence of their gods and ideas of physical perfection. The use of arches, the dome and concrete permitted the ancient Romans to attain extraordinary achievements in the construction of imposing structures for public use. While showing the magnificence of the Greeks and their practical application, as well as their creativity, the Romans established architectural features that remain to this day.... [tags: columns, post, lintel, monuments]
1021 words (2.9 pages)
- At first the Ancient Rome and Modern Rome paintings look vaguely similar. They both are a painting of an enormous room with various paintings filling every square inch of it. Ancient Rome presents Rome with all of its famous monuments, sculptures, and statues as a way to illustrate the accomplishments of their time. While Modern Rome introduces the new buildings, monuments, and statues as Rome’s new accomplishment and even the possibility of new ideas. Both paintings resemble each other quite similarly in their setting of frames, lighting, the drape covering parts of the gallery, and the people present in the painting.... [tags: Ancient Rome, Rome, Ancient history, Monument]
1452 words (4.1 pages)