The Modernization Of The Russian Empire Economically, Politically, And Socially

The Modernization Of The Russian Empire Economically, Politically, And Socially

Length: 1349 words (3.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Count Sergei Witte (1849-1915) and Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924) had sketched out plans for the modernization of the Russian Empire economically, politically, and socially. Lenin was a Russian Communist Revolutionary, the architect of the soviet state. He used Karl Marx as a foundation for his modernization plans. Witte was not a liberal nor a conservative, and held several positions of power. His goals were to be achieved under the existing Russian Empire. The context to the two differing perspectives originates in the historical background of Russia in the early twentieth century. A chronological series of events up until the end of Tsar Nicholas II who ruled from 1894-1917, during the modernization of Russia is provided.
In 1901 the Socialist Revolutionary Party was founded, and two years later the Tran-Siberian Railway was completed. From 1904 to 1905 Russia was at war with Japan, the conflicts soon turned internal. January 1905 the Bloody Sunday Massacre occurred in St. Petersburg, in October there was a general strike, and in December the members of St. Petersburg Soviet were arrested. In April of 1906 the First Duma convened only to be dissolved in July. The Second Duma convened in February and was dissolved in June, which sets into motion a new electoral law. The Third Duma convened in November of 1907, by 1911 students in universities wreaked havoc. In 1912 there was a Fourth Duma, and the First Balkan War. In the following year the Second Balkan War occurred. World War I breaks out in 1914, for the next year Russia suffered several defeats. Nicholas the II was abdicated in 1917. Russia was industrializing at this point, but it differed from others world powers because “cottage industry and heavy industry existed side ...


... middle of paper ...


...reate repression. It is the Commune of Russia who will make decisions for all of Russia as “a working institution passing and executing laws at the same time,” not to be mistaken for the bourgeois parliament system. In no way is this anarchy, this was not about “dispensing at once with all administration, with all subordination,” rather it is a more refined system of equality. Nor is it a capitalist democracy which excludes those considered part of the insignificant minority such as women. The goal is a creation of servants of society for Russia not masters of society. As part of a communist society, there would be common property which is part of the economic development as well as the social aspect of a united modernized Russia. Russians, Soviets would be “a single all-people sate syndicate,” in which there would be an “equality of labor and equality of pay.”

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Militirization and Modernization in Petrine Russia Essay

- Militarization and Modernization in Petrine Russia In the eighteenth century, the political, economic, and socio-cultural fabric of Russian life underwent important changes. Generally speaking, these changes were indicative of a transition from an isolated position of Muscovite Russia still ingrained with a mentality characteristic of the Middle Ages to a new consciousness of modernization and increased westernization. This major shift in Russian history was the product of broad, deliberate reform, accredited to the reign of Peter the Great (1694-1725), which ushered in European art, literature, philosophy, and ideas of political organization and administration....   [tags: Russian History]

Better Essays
1413 words (4 pages)

Cold War's Impact on America Politically, Socially, and Economically Essay

- Cold War's Impact on America Politically, Socially, and Economically As the Soviet Union approaches Berlin from the East, the allied forces invade from the west. Hitler’s German war-machine was crumbling. The United States had to make an enormous decision. Should they attack the Red Army of the Soviet Union. Should they keep the increasingly shaky alliance with the Russians and end the war in Europe. America chose to remain allies, resulting in a decision that affected the world for the next 46 years....   [tags: War Cold Soviet Union Effect Papers]

Better Essays
1741 words (5 pages)

The Effect of World War I on Britain Economically and Socially Essay

- The Effect of World War I on Britain Economically and Socially The outbreak of the war in August 1914 produced immediate changes. It is often said that war is the 'locomotive of history' - that is what drives it along. Certainly the First World War helped to produce major changes in British government, society, the economy and industrial relations. The war produced political turmoil. In 1915 Prime Minister Asquith formed a coalition government, and the following year he was replaced as premier by Lloyd George, who gave a new impetus to the direction of the war....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
739 words (2.1 pages)

Catherine The Great, Russia, Reformed Socially And Politically Essay

- During the reign of Peter the Great, Russia was reformed socially and politically. He brought Russia into the international scene and attempted to incorporate European culture into Russian society. Due to his legacy, Catherine the Great idolized Peter and tried to include his image into her reign. Catherine ruled as Empress of Russia from 1762 until 1796 and many reforms, including the Instruction, were carried out. Since the Russian legal code remained unchanged from 1649 onward, Catherine decided to create her Instruction in 1767 to deal with various issues surrounding Russian society....   [tags: Russia, Russian Empire, Peter I of Russia]

Better Essays
1753 words (5 pages)

Essay Racial Diversity in Of Mice of Men by John Steinbeck

- In this fictional novella, Of Mice and Men, John Steinbeck sought to bring out the racial differences in George and Lennie's time. This racial diversity impacted African Americans socially and economically. Crooks is one example of an outsider, from this novel. He is an African American that grew up with white people in his childhood, but took a separate path, once realizing society's standard of segregation. Loneliness was a new feeling to Crooks; because he had always been compatible with other people....   [tags: segregration, socially, economically, outsider]

Better Essays
536 words (1.5 pages)

The Civil War: The Great American Tragedy Essay

- Causing four years of bloodshed on American ground, the Civil War was considered to be one of the most divisive wars in American history. Lasting from 1861 to 1865, the US Civil War was fought between the American people, mainly the northern states versus the southern states. There is a common misconception that slavery is the key issue that led to the American Civil War. However, there were several other reasons that pushed American into the “Great American Tragedy”. Because the North and the South were very different economically, socially, and politically, and with territorial expansion all of this eventually resulted in the Civil War, or the War Between the States....   [tags: socially, economically, politically]

Better Essays
920 words (2.6 pages)

Postive Effects of Medieval Social Classes Essay example

- ... The mothers in these households were not obligated to work because the man of the house could financially support the whole family (“Middle Class”). Sometimes they had servants to help the women with household chores and duties like cooking, cleaning, and caring for the children. This class also included shipmen, cooks, and high-class merchants (Schwartz). Below the middle class was the trade class, which included merchants and craftsmen. Men involved with retail would travel great distances to achieve authority and power over certain trade routes (“Middle Ages: The Medieval Social Classes”)....   [tags: socially, economically, organization, protection]

Better Essays
744 words (2.1 pages)

Essay about The Modernization of China

- In 1978 Deng Xiaoping became the leader of China and began an ambitious program of economic reform. Under Deng Xiaoping’s modernization policies, the country was opened to the outside world that foreigners were encouraged to bring technical information and managerial knowledge to China. The new policies encouraged private and collective business, so that higher skill levels of workers were needed to develop the new China. My grandfather, Shidao Liu, is an exemplar of rural people who obtained opportunity to gain a satisfactory job during Deng’s era....   [tags: Deng Xiaoping, modenization policies]

Better Essays
1746 words (5 pages)

Materialism in Russian Literature Essay

- In the mid-nineteenth century Western Europe had a firm grasp on Russian society and culture. At that time, Western Europe called for Modernization, which places a heavy emphasis on wealth and social maneuverability often leading to increased Economic Materialism and Egoism. Both Leo Tolstoy, in his work, The Death of Ivan Ilyich and Fyodor Dostoyevsky, in his work, Notes from Underground criticize Modernization and its effects as a danger to society. At the same time, both seem to advocate for moral and intellectual altruism often portrayed through the peasant class and as a byproduct of physical and emotional suffering....   [tags: Modernization, Egotistical, Tolstoy]

Better Essays
1342 words (3.8 pages)

Modernization Theory Essay

- Modernization Theory Modernization is the term used for the transition from the traditional society of the past to modern society as it is found today in the West. Modernization theory refers to a variety of non-Marxist perspectives which have been put forward to explain the development or underdevelopment of countries. Modernization theory is a model of economic and social development that explains global inequality in terms of differing levels of technological development among societies. Modernization theory presents the idea that by introducing modern methods in "technology, agricultural production for trade, and industrialization dependent on a mobile labour force," the underdeveloped...   [tags: Sociology Modernization Essays Papers]

Better Essays
2522 words (7.2 pages)