The city of Rome, founded in a strategic location among a war-like people,(the Etruscans), needed to develop a military from the start. As Rome grew and needed to defend itself more, its military needs changed, it no longer needed a thousand men fighting, they needed a big army. As the military developed, so did the needs for better battle tactics, because of the increase of their number they could do more efficient strategies. The normal arrangement was to place the infantry in the centre and the cavalry on the wings. The function of the cavalry was to prevent the center from being outflanked and if the battle turned and the enemy started to retreat, the cavalry moved forward and cut them down; Horsemen were always a secondary force in ancient warfare, the main fighting being done by the infantry.
Another strategies included: The combat formation used by the Greeks and Romans was called the phalanx. This involved the soldiers standing side by side in lines. Just before contact with the enemy, the soldiers moved in close together so that each man's shield helped to protect the man on his left.The tortoise, or Testudo, which ...
... middle of paper ...
...c supplies as they moved eastward. The process was repeated later in the war by the retreating German forces, which burned or destroyed farms, buildings, weapons, and food to hurt the Soviet Union.
Roman battle tactics have been used for thousands of years as seen by the Scorched Earth Policy and how the cultures in the early modern age used the Testudo. Rome and Greece have influenced many countries with the battle tactics including Russia, or the Soviet Union at the time, when Stalin used the Scorched Earth Policy to keep the Germans from invading; and the Germans used that method too when they were retreating away from the Russians so that they could disable the Russians for a while. Rome has impacted our country and many others especially on the way our country founded our military and the Romans also gave us ideas on how to destroy our opponent efficiently.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The images are haunting: men in gas masks rapid firing through dusky vapors, people contorted with a pain that comes from within. It is a common held belief that chemical warfare is a form of modern warfare and the First World War is recognised for introducing this type of combat. Recent archaeological finds show that this may not be the case. According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, chemical warfare is “tactical warfare using incendiary mixtures, smokes, or irritant, burning, poisonous, or asphyxiating gasses.” (Chemical warfare, 2011) It is a temptingly appealing way to dispose of one’s enemies without drawing a sword or lifting a gun.... [tags: War]
846 words (2.4 pages)
- Guerrilla Warfare The term guerrilla (Spanish, “little war”) originated in the early 19th century during the Peninsular war when, after the defeat of Spain’s regular forces, Spanish irregulars and civilians rose up against the French occupying forces. The practice of guerrilla warfare, however, dates from antiquity; for example, the Bible tells of the Israelite conquest of Canaan, led by Joshua, involving harassment and ambush of the enemy. Later Jewish resistance to foreign rule was expressed in the series of fierce guerrilla operations against the Romans in the 1st century AD; led by the Zealot sect, this revolt was climaxed by the seizure of Masada and the massacre of the Roman garriso... [tags: essays research papers]
659 words (1.9 pages)
- The Roman Empire was the greatest empire Europe had ever seen. To control such a large empire, a strong military is required. The Roman Legion was one of the most effective and advanced armies in history and fulfilled its duty to protect the Roman Empire, its citizens, and its emperors for nearly five-hundred years. It successfully conquered England, Spain, France, Greece, and much of the Middle East and Africa. They were able to accomplish this feat through modernizing old-fashioned ways of thought on warfare.... [tags: Romans, Warfare, war, military, ]
1292 words (3.7 pages)
- In the midst of World War II, with Japanese victory seemingly far off and their unwilling to surrender, the Japanese resorted to a technique never before seen in war. Between October 1944 and August 1945, More than 3,000 Japanese Army and Navy pilots died intentionally by crashing their planes into allied ships. These warriors are often known as the kamikaze. Kamikaze is a Japanese word that translates into Divine Wind. The kamikaze warriors committed the ultimate act of sacrifice for their country and were glorified for doing so.... [tags: Warfare]
936 words (2.7 pages)
- Could you imagine life in the United States today without concepts like democracy, libraries, the alphabet, art, philosophy, mathematics and certain architectural features. (Anonemuss, 2010) Everyday life would be completely changed without these innovations as well as many others. So where did we get these ideas from first. Well it dates back to the Greeks and Romans. Many aspects of modern life have been influenced from their cultures, ideas and inventions. Then there is also the question whether classical Greece or classical Rome influenced the contemporary United States more.... [tags: United States, Democracy, Modern Life]
1132 words (3.2 pages)
- World trade by water ways has been the most efficient way of transporting abundant cargoes over long distances for centuries. Ships often carried valuable merchandise in vast quantities, attractive targets for hostile states, pirates, and common criminals. Piracy is an ancient phenomenon throughout history which spread to all oceans and seas of the world. Conflicts between sea merchants and pirates often threatened commercial interests. Consequently leading to city-states developing powerful naval vessels to subdue the threat on the open sea creating an advanced type of warfare; naval.... [tags: pirates, shipping, tactics]
670 words (1.9 pages)
- The images are haunting: soldiers in gas masks rapid firing through dusky vapours, people contorted with a pain that comes from within. Chemical warfare has long been acknowledged as a devastating tactical weapon, but the origin of this impression is now being debated. While it is a common held belief that chemical warfare is a form of modern warfare and that the First World War is recognised for introducing this type of combat, recent archaeological finds show this may prove otherwise. According to accepted definitions of chemical warfare, newly discovered battle tactics used by humanity’s ancestors may not be so different from those of modern warfare.... [tags: Warfare]
1330 words (3.8 pages)
- Warfare has been fought since the beginning of man. So how has warfare changed over the thousands of years. How has man changed because of warfare. Man has been acquiring the knowledge of warfare by coming up with new gizmo and ideas in military tactics to alter the way warfare was fought. Although warfare is not elegant, it is a way of showing how mankind has developed in its creativity and ingenuity. The oldest military tactic that was ever used was the infantry tactics. Before 1 BC, the key to victory in a battle was your infantry.... [tags: military, tactics, combat, aircraft, battle, siege]
1094 words (3.1 pages)
- This paper examines lessons learned that are timeless in their relevance for all types of warfare with respect to the lesson materials discussed in the Warfare Studies course. The first lesson learned that this paper examines is the United States’ adaptability in response to changing nature of warfare. The United States has experienced various types of warfare ranging from war of annihilation, war of attrition, or fourth-generation warfare; the United States has no identifiable American way of war.... [tags: Warfare ]
2214 words (6.3 pages)
- The Medieval period was a time of noblemen who fought for love, honor, and country under a code of chivalry. "Chivalry comes from the French word cheval, chivalry means someone who fights from horseback. The term also meant "knighthood".(Matthews, Platt, Thomas p.234-235)." In this period the nobility used war as a way to show their power and hold their status by being professional soldiers. There were also lots of soldiers from the lower classes who were led into battle under nobles. These soldiers fought for the nobleman to maintain their safety and land.... [tags: Warfare ]
969 words (2.8 pages)
- Government becoming a "Food Nannie" in the US
- Stephen Hawking, a Modern Day Hero
- Effects of Road Salt to the Environment
- Patras Greece and Tourism Dangers
- Thriving of Europe in Guns, Germs, and Steel by Jared Diamond
- Comparison and Analysis of The Weather of New England by Mark Twain and The Dog that Bit People by James Thurber