Essay on Modern Criminology And Classical Criminology

Essay on Modern Criminology And Classical Criminology

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Classical Criminology is credited with initiating the shift away from rather barbaric forms of torture. In classical criminology, the naturalistic approach of social thinkers had challenged the way of the spiritualistic approach. During this time, the spiritualistic approach was the base for all policies in Europe. This means that every crime had as spiritual meaning for which it was committed. St. Thomas Aquinas, a contributor to the topic, argued that people had a natural tendency to be good rather than evil. He also argued that because they committed a crime it did not just hurt other, it would hurt them.
There were also many other early contributors to classical criminology. John Locke, for instants, argued that a social contract must be enforced in order for people to benefit from it (Bernard, Snipes, Gerould, 2010). John Locke came up with the idea that religion and government should not be together, because it would put others in compromising situations. He wanted the government to enforce the social contract because the people would benefit from this decision. In the United States the Constitution’s 8th Amendment is cruel and unusual punishment which was found by Becerra and Bentham.
Beccaria wrote a book by the name of “On Crimes and Punishment” he wrote the book response to obituary abuse. He basically wanted to change the by people looked at the criminal justice. Beccaria had a thought like any other classical theorist and he truly believe that all individuals have freewill and make choices on their own freewill. His second theory is rational manner, which means that basically everyone looks rationally look out for themselves (Beccaria). Those two theories stated that people made choices of their own and knew why the...


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...ental health, etc. They do not think ahead or see into the future, and not all individuals have a rational thought. There are solutions that can help offenders from committing crimes. Solutions focus on enhancing that offenders are punished under the three criteria to the extent the individuals can be deterred from crime.
In the Classical School of thought, Cesare Beccaria planned to make the criminal justice system more logical than rational. He figured that people did not know of what would happen if they had committed certain crimes, because the crimes were inconsistent. This would also create more crime throughout this society. He also proposed that the purpose of punishment was to deter crime. Instead of capital punishment, Beccaria wanted to push for imprisonment for criminals. Many other theories had their own thoughts on the way criminals would be punished.

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