The physical category of my model includes three subgroups. The first of these includes the period of prenatal development, birth, and the continuous development afterward. The second subgroup discusses the genetic and environmental factors of child physical development. The last subgroup mentions the role of nature and nurture in physical development.
Conception to birth is a very important time for a child not just physically and biologically but also cognitively. This period of time includes germinal, embryonic, and fetal. During this time, a child develops and sustained by its mother. It is believed that during this time when senses begin to develop a child can hear its mother’s voice and react to light, these are called fetal response (Siegler et al., 52). The experiences include sight and touch, taste, smell, and hearing. After birth, a child develops rapidly. A child will begin to experience its environment and will engage in displays of arousal. These states are continuous and include drowsing, active sleep, quiet sleep, crying, active awake, and alert awake (Siegler et al., 70).
The mental category in my model discusses cognitive and moral child development. The cognitive aspect utilizes Piaget’s theory of development. Piaget’s theory includes four stages: The Sensorimotor Stage, The Preoperational Stage, The Concrete Operational Stage, and Th...
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...te a situation from a literal and hypothetical stand point taking all possibilities into account.
The moral subcategory of my model is based on Kohlberg’s Moral Dilemmas. The Preconventional level is the first part of moral development. Within this level is stage one and two which the text describes as Punishment and Obedience Orientation as well as Instrumental and Exchange Orientation. The first of the two is the stage where a child bases what is right based on pleasing the higher power. At this stage a child constructs his or her behavior to avoid being punishment. In the Instrumental and Exchange Orientation stage what is right to the individual is taken into account instead of focusing on pleasing others.
The Conventional level contains the next two stages which are Mutual Interpersonal Expectations, Relationships, and Interpersonal Conformity and the next stage
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