When I hear about an outer body experience the image that comes to mind is our soul jumping out of our bodies floating around the room or maybe to a destination we can only imagine exists. Some may view this as a “high,” while others aim to achieve this on daily basis through meditation. Do I believe we can separate ourselves from our bodies? Sure, but a better question is does our mind, the conscious state have any relationship to our physical brain? The mind/body problem is a major problem debated by many philosophers today and throughout history. I believe the mind/body problem faces an important argument for both philosophers and scientists. Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems. We live in a society in which beliefs and/or theories have to be backed up by evidence. Simple rhetoric is not enough these days, society wants answers. Human beings love to ask the question, why? It is what drives philosophers to question anything and everything in our world.
It questions the broad issue on how, or if our environment truly affects by our thoughts.
One view about the mind/body problem is a theory called Cartesian Dualism. The theory of dualism is the idea that there are two things in the world, the physical objects and mental objects. According to this theory, there is no relation between physical and non-physical objects (Sober, 204). If this theory is true we as humans are made up of two distinct things, a complex physical organism, and a soul, which is purely mental (Nagel, 30.) An argument brought by dualists would be that a physical object can be analyzed by breaking it down to smaller physical objects, but a mental process cannot be analyzed. Dualists respond to Nagel’s tasting chocolate example by re...
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...s a car and it has an engine. Does the car automatically back up from your driveway and go to work? Absolutely not, sure modern science has invented automatic parking features and I’m sure eventually the car will be able to drive for you, but for now, operating a vehicle takes a person and a conscious state of mind. The mind is what tells the brain and body what to do. It also tells the engine what to do. Do I believe that science will one day answer the mind/body problem, of course I do. My theory can be wrong, but it can also be right. Socrates said it best, “all I know is that I know nothing.” The only thing that we know is that we don’t know enough about the mind/body problem. There is no absolute evidence supporting these theories. We all have our theories and speculations to solve this problem, but no one knows for certain what the solution will turn out to be.
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