Can the MDGS be considered a success?
Although the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) will not be reached by 2015, they cannot be deemed a failure but are a partial success due to the progress reached by the targets. Consisting of eight international targets of development, the goals were established in 1990 to address extreme poverty across a wide spectrum of human rights by 2015. Due to the enormity of information available across the eight goals, this response shall focus on Millennium Goal 4 (MDG4) as it exemplifies the notion of a limited success. Even with accelerated efforts, MDG4 will not be able to reduce under-five child mortality rates by two-thirds within the established time frame. However, to label this outcome a failure is a superficial assessment undermining how the goal has galvanized efforts to improve child survival. The major achievements expounded upon in this response include the global reduction of child and neo-natal mortality rates, improved monitoring of data and the developed efficiency and coverage of interventions. Conversely, the criticisms that surround these accomplishments illuminate the insufficiencies of the target. Overall, this response purports that MDG4 is a limited success as it has facilitated improvement in child health and requires further development to achieve the global target.
The influence of MDG4 in accelerating the reduction of under-five mortality rates is an important indicator of success. The death of those less than five years old is a major global determinant of life expectancy, demonstrating why this field is such a critical area of study. At an initial evaluation, the global health action does not warrant a success as it unable to finitely reach the target. Reg...
... middle of paper ...
... child mortality: an updated systematic analysis’, Lancet, vol. 378, no. 31, pp. 139-165.
The MDG Health Envoy 2014, The Millennium Development Goal Health Alliance, accessed 5 May 2014, < http://www.mdghealthenvoy.org>
Murray, CJ 2007, ‘The global campaign for the health MDGs: challenges, opportunities, and the imperative of shared learning’, Lancet, vol. 370, no. 52, pp. 18-33.
Rajaratnam JK, Marcus JR, Flaxman AD 2011, ‘Neonatal, postneonatal, childhood, and under-5 mortality for 187 countries 1970–2010:a systematic analysis of progress towards millennium development goal 4’, Lancet, vol. 375, pp. 198-205.
UNICEF 2009, Tracking progress on child and maternal nutrition, United Nations Children’s Fund, New York.
United Nations 2010, Road map towards the implementation of the United Nations millennium declaration, UN General Assembly, New York.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The expiration of The Millennium Development Goals (MDG) has made the post 2015 landscape an intergovernmental priority. The revised Sustainable Development Goals, (SDGs) propose seventeen global initiatives that focus on the eradication of extreme poverty whilst also considering economic development and environmental protection (Veit & Hazlewood, 2014). Whilst Matuschke (2015) agrees that this is a “pivotal year for sustainable development”, she also questions the validity of these global directives, as there remains a disjuncture between their “conflicting aims.” This essay will consider the extent to which the SDGs address three global imperatives for development; global economic power, c... [tags: Millennium Development Goals, Poverty]
710 words (2 pages)
- Sustainable Development Goals The year 2000 marked the beginning of the Millennium Development Goals, a 15-year plan to combat poverty, child mortality and disease, as well as promote primary education, gender equality, maternal health, environmental sustainability, and global partnerships worldwide. (United Nations, 2015, pp. 4-7) In the year 2015, the United Nations Development Program created an additional seventeen goals with 169 accompanying targets, to build upon and continue the success of the Millennium Development Goals.... [tags: Millennium Development Goals, United Nations]
1161 words (3.3 pages)
- 1. Introduction Over the past decades, the reduction of poverty, particularly in its extreme form has been at the center of national policies in most developing countries and high on international development agendas (United Nations, 2014). This is clearly evidenced in the importance given to poverty reduction in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and in the discussions on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The MDGs have served as a unified framework for concerted efforts by governments, development partners and international organizations to reduce poverty.... [tags: Poverty, Millennium Development Goals]
1293 words (3.7 pages)
- There are young people growing up today who may be among the first humans to see a world where extreme poverty and hunger are rare, where education is equally available to boys and girls alike, where gender does not determine a person’s value, where children are named at birth because childhood death is low, where childbirth is not a death sentence, where HIV/AIDs, malaria, and polio treatments and vaccines are easily available, where environmental protection is not just for the tree huggers, and where people from many disciplines and walks of life come together to make a difference.... [tags: United Nations, Millennium Development Goals]
1011 words (2.9 pages)
- The Sustainable Development Goals are a set of global agendas set by the United Nations to be achieved by the year 2030. They are a continuation of the Millennium Development Goals, set-up through the Millennium Deceleration in 2000 to address the needs of the world poor (Cite UN). The Millennium Development goals included a set of eight simply stated goals with 21 targets and 48 indicators to measure progress (Murray, 2015). Amongst them- reducing child mortality (MDG 4), improving maternal health (MDG 5) and combating HIV-AIDS, malaria and other diseases (MDG 6)- were specifically aimed at improving health.... [tags: Millennium Development Goals, United Nations]
1406 words (4 pages)
- The sustainable development goals (SDGs) were unanimously voted to replace the millennium development goals (MDGs) at the United Nations General Assembly in September 2015. The MDGs had been selected in 2000 with quantifiable targets to be achieved by 2015. However, several of the targets were not met, especially in the less developed countries (United Nations Economic Commission for Africa et al., 2015). The SDGs are widely viewed as a product of better consultative efforts than the MDGs which were delivered through a top-down approach (Esquivel and Sweetman, 2016).... [tags: United Nations, Millennium Development Goals]
1013 words (2.9 pages)
- The Millennium Development Goals were first agreed upon in 2001 by world governments as an initiative to end world poverty, facilitate development, and improve living standards and life chances across the globe within fifteen years. Since that deadline has passed, the goals were revamped and nine new goals have been added with a new target year of 2030. The new goals expand on the original eight to address issues relating to gender equality and the root causes of poverty (Ford). End poverty in all forms everywhere and achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls are two of the 17 proposed millennium development goals that UN member nations want to achieve by 2030.... [tags: United Nations, Millennium Development Goals]
1212 words (3.5 pages)
- Introduction The United Nations Organization (UNO) has been at work for decades in order to make this world a better place to live in. This is done by giving the leaders from every country to come up and discuss the global happenings on a neutral platform in order to make sure that the concerns and the difficulties of each country are properly heard. Similarly, one aspect of the UNO is to monitor the global events by itself and, when the time comes, should interfere to make sure that such events do not have a long term impact on the political stability on the region.... [tags: United Nations, Millennium Summit, 8 MDGs]
1216 words (3.5 pages)
- The United Nations recently published a list of goals they hope to accomplish by 2030 called the Sustainable Development Goals. These goals will replace the Millennium Development Goals, which were set in 2000, when they expire at the end of 2015. Some of these goals include ending poverty, promoting gender equality, and improving water and sanitation conditions. Arguably, the most important goal is to “end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture” (in text citation- NY Times Article).... [tags: Millennium Development Goals, United Nations]
1082 words (3.1 pages)
- The recession has caused every one-in-eight older Millennials to return back home to their parents” (3). It is not because they want to, but because it is their only option. According to Richard Fry, a Senior Research Associate at Pews Research Center, the total number of older Millennials living at home is a record 21 million in 2012. There are several factors that cause them to return back to their parents, such as a declining employment rate and rising college enrollment fees. Fry additionally states that "the unemployed Millennials were more inclined to be existing with their guardians, (45%) contrasted with utilized Millennials( 29%)" (A Rising Share of Young Adults).... [tags: Millenials, Jordans, technology]
1421 words (4.1 pages)