Millenial Development Goals: A Success? Essay

Millenial Development Goals: A Success? Essay

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Can the MDGS be considered a success?

Although the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) will not be reached by 2015, they cannot be deemed a failure but are a partial success due to the progress reached by the targets. Consisting of eight international targets of development, the goals were established in 1990 to address extreme poverty across a wide spectrum of human rights by 2015. Due to the enormity of information available across the eight goals, this response shall focus on Millennium Goal 4 (MDG4) as it exemplifies the notion of a limited success. Even with accelerated efforts, MDG4 will not be able to reduce under-five child mortality rates by two-thirds within the established time frame. However, to label this outcome a failure is a superficial assessment undermining how the goal has galvanized efforts to improve child survival. The major achievements expounded upon in this response include the global reduction of child and neo-natal mortality rates, improved monitoring of data and the developed efficiency and coverage of interventions. Conversely, the criticisms that surround these accomplishments illuminate the insufficiencies of the target. Overall, this response purports that MDG4 is a limited success as it has facilitated improvement in child health and requires further development to achieve the global target.

The influence of MDG4 in accelerating the reduction of under-five mortality rates is an important indicator of success. The death of those less than five years old is a major global determinant of life expectancy, demonstrating why this field is such a critical area of study. At an initial evaluation, the global health action does not warrant a success as it unable to finitely reach the target. Reg...


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... child mortality: an updated systematic analysis’, Lancet, vol. 378, no. 31, pp. 139-165.

The MDG Health Envoy 2014, The Millennium Development Goal Health Alliance, accessed 5 May 2014, < http://www.mdghealthenvoy.org>

Murray, CJ 2007, ‘The global campaign for the health MDGs: challenges, opportunities, and the imperative of shared learning’, Lancet, vol. 370, no. 52, pp. 18-33.

Rajaratnam JK, Marcus JR, Flaxman AD 2011, ‘Neonatal, postneonatal, childhood, and under-5 mortality for 187 countries 1970–2010:a systematic analysis of progress towards millennium development goal 4’, Lancet, vol. 375, pp. 198-205.

UNICEF 2009, Tracking progress on child and maternal nutrition, United Nations Children’s Fund, New York.

United Nations 2010, Road map towards the implementation of the United Nations millennium declaration, UN General Assembly, New York.


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