Mikhail Gorbachev´s Glasnost and Perestroika Policies Contribution to the Collapse of the USSR

Mikhail Gorbachev´s Glasnost and Perestroika Policies Contribution to the Collapse of the USSR

Length: 1697 words (4.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The purpose of this investigation is to assess how significant Mikhail Gorbachev’s Glasnost, and Perestroika polices contribute to the collapse of the USSR. In order to understand how significant of a factor Gorbachev policies were to the collapse of the USSR, we will investigate from how significant were the reforms emplaced by Gorbachev, to how the USSR was doing economically from the time Gorbachev came into power. The main sources for this investigation range from an Excerpt from The cold war: The United States and the Soviet union by Ronald Powaski who states facts about both the economic and political issues of the time. Excerpts from “New political thinking” from perestroika by Gorbachev which states how he believes new political ideas are for the good for the USSR. Finally in The Dissolution of the Soviet Union by Myra Immell who goes over many of the factors of the USSR’s collapse.

In the early 1980s prior to Gorbachev’s presidency, the soviet economy was wracked by chronic shortages of food and consumer items. These shortages were in part due because of Leonid Brezhnev leadership being inefficient at directing the soviet economy. It was against this backdrop of economic decline and political instability that Mikhail Gorbachev came to power. Gorbachev came from a peasant family and this humble background played a large role in his political thinking and gave him a strong humanitarian sympathy. His separation from the old regime gave him greater freedoms to move away from old thinking and enact policies grounded in a new way of thinking. Gorbachev was under different circumstances than past leaders because people at around this time wanted the country to move in different directions and at the same time, this led to Gorb...


... middle of paper ...


...achev’s Perestroika and the Collapse of the Soviet Union. n.d. http://www.lagrange.edu/resources/pdf/citations/2012/08_Cummings_History.pdf (accessed October 9, 2013).

Gorbachev, Mikhail. "Perestroika: New thinking for our country and the world." In Perestroika: New thinking for our country and the world, by Mikhail Gorbachev, 139-144. Harpercollins, 1987.

Immell, Myra. PersPectiveson Modern World History: The Dissolution of The Soviet Union. Farmington Hills: Christine Nasso, 2010.

Langley, Andrew. "The Collapse of the Soviet Union: The End of an Empire." In The Collapse of the Soviet Union: The End of an Empire, by Andrew Langley, 53. Mankato: Compass Point Books, 2007.

Powaski, Ronald E. "The Cold war: The United States and the Soviet Union." In The Cold war: The United States and the Soviet Union, by Ronald E. Powaski, 303-304. Oxford University Press, 1997.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Legacy and Leadership: Mikhail Gorbachev Essay

- Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev showed legacy and leadership when he launched a program of political, economical, and social reform for the Soviet Union. He changed and influenced many people lives positively with his reformations, and started a “revolution” that later seemed to get out of his grasp, causing the end of the Soviet Union. In 1985, Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev became the general secretary of the USSR, (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) also known as the Soviet Union. That is when he started his steady rise to power and started his reformations for the Soviet Union to become a better place to live in and so that people will be free....   [tags: social reform, soviet union]

Powerful Essays
1289 words (3.7 pages)

The Soviet Union Perestroika and Mikael Gorbachev Essay

- Perestroika, means restructuring or reforming, which was exactly the goal of Mikael Gorbachev. Gorbachev's goal was to restructure the Soviet economy towards something that resembled something similar to free market capitalism, without losing the heart of socialism. He instituted this Perestroika along with his other policy of Glasnost; political freedoms and increased openness, while some of these issues overlapped this essay will focus on the goals and strategies of Perestroika and what its changes to the Soviet Union was, namely its eventual collapse....   [tags: Soviet Economy, Shock Therapy]

Powerful Essays
2669 words (7.6 pages)

Essay on Mikhail Gorbachev's Life from Poor Boy to Powerful Leader

- 1. Mikhail Gorbachev lived in a poorer environment. His father was sent to war and came back wounded but still took care of their farm. Gorbachev also helped with the uptake of the land but then saw his grandfather taken during the Great Purge but return home. None of this prohibited him from learning, he was so passionate about it he got into Moscow University along with free accommodations. 2. He was young, even at 54, when given leadership of the USSR. This made him have a more youthful and optimistic insight into the countries relations....   [tags: soviet union, president, communist]

Powerful Essays
612 words (1.7 pages)

Gorbachev and Perestroika in the Emergence of the Modern World Essay example

- Gorbachev and Perestroika in the Emergence of the Modern World In 1985, Soviet leader and Communist Party General Secretary Mikhail S. Gorbachev announced perhaps the most far-reaching plan for his country's economic restructuring. This plan, called "Perestroika", was a set of strategies aimed at resolving the gap in scientific and technological development with the West by initiating economic reform in the Soviet Union. The meaning of Perestroika was best defined by the Party Plenum of January 1987: "Perestroika is the decisive defeat of the processes of stagnation, the destruction of the braking mechanism, the creation of a reliable and effective mechanism for increasing t...   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
404 words (1.2 pages)

Mikahil Gorbachev: A Brief Biography Essays

- ... Incentives were necessary in order to motivate worker competition in a fair environment. Therefore, Gorbachev initiated a wage reform that reversed the tendencies of the Brezhnev Era. Instead of uniform salaries across skill levels the Soviets were accustomed to, Gorbachev increased pay differentials between blue-collar workers and specialists. The decree, ‘On Improving the Wage System in Production Branches of the National Economy,’ required an average wage increase of 20%-25% for workers, 30%-35% for specialists, and 40%-45% for engineers....   [tags: notorious Russian leaders, Perestroika]

Powerful Essays
1523 words (4.4 pages)

The Immigration of Jewish people in USSR Essay

- ITRODUCTION The Immigration of Jewish people in USSR under Mikhail Gorbachev administration is generally considered as a response to huge demand of Jews who desperately wanted to leave Soviet Union, and a state policy towards ethnic minority issues. Historically speaking, anti Semitism was rooted for centuries in Russia. Jews had been prosecuting since Czarist Russia, and most recently the prosecution reached peak under Stalin administration. People would think that it was the long existing hostile atmosphere towards Jewish people that primarily led their migration out of USSR....   [tags: Politics, Mikhail Gorbachev]

Powerful Essays
2158 words (6.2 pages)

Human Activists : Nelson Mandela And Mikhail Gorbachev Essay

- Harris Moody Short Paper 2 CORE- 320-11 Human Activists or Human Rights Defenders are people who, individually or with others, act to promote or protect some variation of a certain Human Right. Throughout history there have been many world famous Human Activists, some have won prizes such as the Nobel Peace Prize, while some have even lost their lives fighting for what they so strongly believe in. Some Human Activists choose to fight for their cause with violence, but many Activists take the non-violence rout to solving their conflict....   [tags: Nelson Mandela, Soviet Union]

Powerful Essays
867 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on Contribution of The League of Nations to International Administration

- The Contribution Of The League of Nations To The Development of International Administration Introduction International administration has similarities to national administration which is commonly known as public administration. National administration is the study of the bureaucracy of government structure and organisation while international administration is also the study of organisation but unlike national administration the organisation are international and are independent of the state....   [tags: Developing Administration, Contributions]

Powerful Essays
1574 words (4.5 pages)

The Rise and Fall of Mikhail Gorbachev Essay

- ... Since the region depended on farming for both food and income, its residents suffered from famine, and many died of starvation. As a child, Gorbachev had a passion for learning. When he graduated from high school with a silver medal in 1950, his father persuaded him to continue on to university. Gorbachev’s academic record was stellar, and he was accepted into Moscow University, the premier school in the Soviet Union, without having to take the entrance exam. The university even provided him with free living accommodations at a nearby hostel....   [tags: russia, communist, nobel peace prize]

Powerful Essays
1401 words (4 pages)

Modernism: Mikhail Bakunin Essay

- As the second wave of industrialization and imperialism boomed, it brought forth a new way of thinking. This way of thinking was to be known as modernism, and it affected spheres of life from politics to psychology. This new modernism marked a change from the old Enlightenment values or the recently declining Romanticist ideals. One such modernist, Mikhail Bakunin exemplified the political aspect of modernism through his revolutionary belief of anarchism and his radical actions in order to promote his beliefs....   [tags: anarchism, equality, freedom]

Powerful Essays
885 words (2.5 pages)