Kidder’s second checkpoint is determining the actor. The actor that is responsible for addressing the problem is the pilot Mike Nolan. Secondary actors would be the crew and passengers aboard the flight.
The third checkpoint is for Nolan to gather the relevant facts of this case. For this case the facts are a passenger has suffered a heart attack. There is a doctor on board who is recommending immediate medical attention for the passenger. The plane is in the middle of a storm and Denver has denied permission for an emergency landing. Landing is unadvisable and unsafe for crew and the passengers, remembering the flight is full. There is one crew member that is not in agreement with landing the plane. Nolan does have 27 years flying experience with 18 years of flying these particular planes.
While right-versus-wrong issues are common, the really tough decisions typically arise because both sides of a dilemma are rooted in values and, in many respects, are right. For example, if one option in a decision is identified as being "right" and another as being "wrong," we find that most people would choose to do what is right. (Placeholder1) After reviewing the facts Nolan will need to test for right-versus-wrong issues with this dilemma. He is going to look within himself to look for the stench test, the front-page test and the Mom test. It will be up to Nolan’s character to decide if his decision is going to violate any of the criteria.
The next step ...
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...ourage in a World of Dilemmas. School Administrator, 59(2), 14-18,20.
Larsen, D. E. (2002). When students don't "make the grade": A qualitative study of educators' ethical reasoning and decisions about student retention. (Order No. 3086307, Washington State University). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, , 152-152 p. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.library.unlv.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/305537121?accountid=3611. (305537121).
Sherry Baker (1997) Applying Kidder's ethical decision-making
checklist to media ethics, Journal of Mass Media Ethics: Exploring Questions of Media
Morality, 12:4, 197-210, DOI: 10.1207/s15327728jmme1204_1
Stout, M., & Love, J. (2013). ETHICAL CHOICE MAKING. Public Administration Quarterly, 37(2), 278-294. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.library.unlv.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/1355492932?accountid=3611
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